Research Professor

  • 808-956-0466
  • Mailing address:
    Holmes Hall 402, 2540 Dole Street
    Honolulu, Hawaii 96822-2303, USA
  • Office location:
    POST 105G, 1680 East-West Road
    Honolulu, Hawaii 96822 USA

Ocean Observing and Technology; Sensor networks including fixed and mobile platforms with power, communication, and navigation; Science Monitoring And Reliable Telecommunications (SMART) Subsea Cables; Ocean Observatories, Smart Subsea Power Grids; Ocean Acoustic Tomography and Acoustic Thermometry; Long range acoustic geo-positioning; Earthquake and Tsunami Early Warning; Ocean Sound; Atmospheric and Ionospheric Tomography

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Professional Preparation

  • Ph.D. in Oceanography, Ocean Acoustic Tomography, University of California, San Diego, 1986
  • M.Sc. in Engineering Science, Fluid Dynamics, Stanford University, 1978
  • B.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering, Fluid Mechanics, Stanford University, 1978


  • University of Hawaii
    Ocean and Resources Engineering Department, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology
    2008 –              Research Professor
  • University of Washington
    Applied Physics Laboratory, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences
    2008 –              Affiliate Principal Oceanographer
    1998 – 2008      Principal Oceanographer; 1992 Senior Oceanographer; 1987 Oceanographer
    School of Oceanography, College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences
    2008 –              Affiliate Professor
    1994 – 2008      Research Associate Professor; 1988 Research Assistant Professor
    Department of Electrical Engineering, College of Engineering
    2008 –              Affiliate Professor
    2005 – 2008      Adjunct Research Associate Professor
  • University of California, San Diego
    1986 – 1987      Postgraduate Researcher, Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics
    1981 – 1986      Research Assistant, Scripps Institution of Oceanography
  • Universität Karlsruhe
    1979 – 1981      Research Associate, Institut für Hydromechanik
  • Stanford University
    1976 – 1979      Research Assistant, Department of Civil Engineering

Scientific Expeditions

  • Participant in 47 expeditions with 547 days spent in the field, either at sea or on land supporting an experiment. Chief scientist on 25 occasions. Use of DSV SeaCliff, ROV-ATV, ROV-Jason-2, ROV-Lu‘ukai and R/P Flip; cable laying using USNS Albert J. Myer and M/V Independence for ATOC source installations. (Click here for the PDF version of the fieldwork.)

Selected Publications

Gemba, K. L., N. C. Durofchalk, D. R. Dall’Osto, R. K. Andrew, P. Leary, B. M. Howe, K. B. Smith; Basin scale coherence of Kauai-Beacon m-sequence transmissions received at Wake Island and Monterey, CA. JASA Express Lett, 1 August 2023; 3 (8): 080801.

Rowe, C. A, B. M. Howe, M. J. Fouch, M. Angove, J. Aucan, C. R. Barnes, N. Bayliff, N. C. Becker, F. Carrilho, B. Fry, H. A. Janiszewski, A. Jamelot, L. S. L. Kong, S. T. Lentz, D. S. Luther, G. Marinaro, L. Matias, A. Salaree, A. E. Sakya, T. Thiele, F. Tilmann, C. von Hildebrandt-Andrade, L. M. Wallace, S. Weinstein, W. S. D. Wilcock, J. Barros, SMART Cables Observing the Oceans and Earth, Marine Technology Society, 2022, Vol.56 (5), p.13-25.

Graupe, C., L. J. Van Uffelen, P. F. Worcester, M. A. Dzieciuch, and B. M. Howe, An automated framework for long-range acoustic positioning of autonomous underwater vehicles, J. Acous. Soc. Am, 152,3, pp 1615-1626, September 2022.

Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Howe contributor, Shaping Our Digital Future: Asia-Pacific Digital Transformation Report,, 2022.

Smith, L. M., L. Cimoli, D. LaScala-Gruenewald, M. Pachiadaki, B. Brennan, H. Pillar, J. E. Stopa, S. Baumann-Pickering, S. E. Beaulieu, K. L. C. Bell, H. Harden-Davies, K. M. Gjerde, P. Heimbach, B. Howe, F. Janssen, L. A. Levin, H. A. Ruhl, A. Soule, K. Stocks, M. F. Vardaro, D. J. Wright. The Deep Ocean Observing Strategy: Addressing Global Challenges in the Deep Sea Through Collaboration. Marine Tech. Soc. J., pp. 50-66, 2022. DOI:

IOC-UNESCO. State of the Ocean Report 2022, pilot edition. Paris, IOC-UNESCO. (IOC Technical Series, 173). 2022.

Howe, B. M., M. Angove, J. Aucan, C. R. Barnes, J. Barros, N. Bayliff, N. C. Becker, F. Carrilho, M. Fouch, B. Fry, A. Jamelot, H. Janiszeweski, L. S. L. Kong, S. Lentz, D. S. Luther, G. Marinaro, L. M. Matias, C. A. Rowe, A. Salaree, A. E. Sakya, T. Thiele, F. J. Tilmann, C. von Hillebrandt-Andrade, L. Wallace, S. A. Weinstein, W. Wilcock. SMART Subsea Cables for Observing the Earth and Ocean, Mitigating Environmental Hazards, and supporting the Blue Economy. Front. Earth Sci. 9:775544. doi: 10.3389/feart.2021.775544, 2022.

Salaree, A., B. M. Howe, Y. Huang, S. Weinstein, A. E. Sakya, A numerical study of SMART Cables potential in marine hazard early warning for the Sumatra and Java regions, Pure Appl. Geophys. 2022.

Sharma, S. K., B. M. Howe, A. K. Misra, M. R. Rognstad, J. N. Porter, T. E. Acosta-Maeda, and M. J. Egan, Underwater Time-Gated Standoff Raman Sensor for In Situ Chemical Sensing, Applied Spectroscopy, Appl Spectrosc. 2021 Mar 12:37028211001923. doi: 10.1177/00037028211001923, 2021.

Howe, B. M., B. Arbic. J. Aucan, C. Barnes, N. Bayliff, N. Becker, R. Butler, L. Doyle, S. Elipot, G. C. Johnson, F. Landerer, S. Lentz, D. Luther, J. Mariano, K. Panayotou, C. Rowe, R. Scholl, Y. T. Song, M. Thomas, P. Thomas, F. Tillman, T. Weber, S. Weinstein, The SMART Cables Joint Task Force, SMART Cables for Observing the Global Ocean: Science and Implementation, Frontiers in Marine Science, OceanObs’19 Special Issue, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00424, 2019.

Howe, B. M., J. Miksis-Olds, E. Rehm, H. Sagen, P. F. Worcester, and G. Haralabus, Observing the Oceans Acoustically, Frontiers of Marine Science, OceanObs’19 Special Issue, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00426, 2019.

Levin L. A., B. J. Bett, A. R. Gates, P. Heimbach, B. M. Howe, F. Janssen, A McCurdy, H. A. Ruhl, P. Snelgrove, K. I. Stocks, D. Bailey, S. Baumann-Pickering, C. Beaverson, M. C. Benfield, D. J. Booth, M. Carreiro-Silva, A. Colaço, M. C. Eblé, A. M. Fowler, K. M. Gjerde, D. O. B. Jones, K. Katsumata, D. Kelley, N. Le Bris, A. P. Leonardi, F. Lejzerowicz, P. I. Macreadie, D. McLean, F. Meitz, T. Morato, A. Netburn, J Pawlowski, C. R. Smith, S. Sun, H. Uchida, M. F. Vardaro, R. Venkatesan and R. A. Weller, Global Observing Needs in the Deep Ocean. Front. Mar. Sci. 6:241. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00241, 2019.

Taniguchi, N., Huang, C.-F., Arai, M., Howe, B. M., Variation of residual current in the Seto Inland Sea driven by sea level difference between the Bungo and Kii Channels. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 1232921–2933. 2017JC013618, 2018.

Oswald, J. N., H. Ou, W. W. L. Au, Howe, B. M., and F. Duennebier, Listening for whales at the Station ALOHA Cabled Observatory, Listening in the Ocean, M. Lammers and W. Au. Springer Science+Business Media. New York, DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-3176-7_9, 2016.

Zhang, C., A. Kaneko, X.-H. Zhu, Howe, B. M., and N. Gohda, Acoustic measurement of the net transport through the Seto Inland Sea, Acoust. Sci. Tech., 37,  doi:10.1250/ast.37.10, 2016.

Alford, M. A., T. McGinnis, and Howe, B. M., An inductive charging and real-time communications system for profiling moorings, J. Atmos. Oceanic Technology, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-15-0103.1, 2015.

Van Uffelen, L.J., Howe, B. M.,, E.M. Nosal, G.S. Carter, P.F. Worcester, and M.A. Dzieciuch, Localization and subsurface position error estimation of gliders using broadband acoustic signals at long range, IEEE J. Ocean. Eng., doi: 10.1109/JOE.2015.2479016, 2015.

Howe, B. M., F. K. Duennebier, R. Lukas, The ALOHA Cabled Observatory, in Seafloor Observatories: A new vision of the Earth from the Abyss, Eds. P. Favali, L. Beranzoli and A. De Santis, Springer-Praxis Publishing, pp. 439-463, DOI: I10.1007/978-3-642-11374-1, 2015.

Moore, S. E., B. M. Howe, K. M. Stafford, and M. L. Boyd, Including whale call detection in standard ocean measurements: applications of acoustic Seagliders, J. Marine Technology Society, 41, 53-57, 2008.

Howe, B. M., and T. Chereskin, Oceanographic Measurements, Springer Handbook of Experimental Measurements, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, Chapter 18, pp 1179-1217, DOI 10.1007/978-3-540-30299-5_18, 2007.

Howe B. M., and J. H. Miller, Acoustic sensing for ocean research, J. Mar. Tech. Soc., 38, 144–154, 2004.

Andrew, R. K., B. M. Howe, J. A. Mercer, and M. A. Dzieciuch, Ocean ambient sound: Comparing the 1960s with the 1990s for a receiver off the California coast, Acoust. Res. Lett. On-line, 3(2), 65–70, 2002.

Dushaw, B. D. et al., Observing the ocean in the 2000’s: A strategy for the role of acoustic tomography in ocean climate observation, Proceedings of the First International Conference on the Ocean Observing System, San Rafael, France, 18-22 October 1999, in: Observing the Oceans in the 21st Century, C.J. Koblinsky and N.R. Smith (eds), Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, Australia, 2001.

Howe, B. M., H. Kirkham, and V. Vorpérian, Power system considerations for undersea observatories, IEEE J. Oceanic Engr., 27, 267–274, 2002.

Delaney, J. R., G. R. Heath, A. D. Chave, B. M. Howe, and H. Kirkham, NEPTUNE: Real-time ocean and earth sciences at the scale of a tectonic plate, Oceanography, 13, 71–83, 2000.

Howe, B. M., K. Runciman, and J. A. Secan, Tomography of the ionosphere: Four-dimensional simulations, Radio Science, 33, 109–128, 1998.

ATOC Consortium: A. B. Baggeroer, T. G. Birdsall, C. Clark, J. A. Colosi, B. D. Cornuelle, D. Costa, B. D. Dushaw, M. Dzieciuch, A. M. G. Forbes, C. Hill, B. M. Howe, J. Marshall, D. Menemenlis, J. A. Mercer, K. Metzger, W. Munk, R. C. Spindel, D. Stammer, P. F. Worcester, and C. Wunsch, Observing ocean climate change: Comparison of acoustic tomography, satellite altimetry, and modeling, Science, 281, 1327–1332, 1998.

ATOC Instrumentation Group: B. M. Howe, S. G. Anderson, A. Baggeroer, J. A. Colosi, K.R. Hardy, D. Horwitt, F. Karig, S. Leach, J. A. Mercer, K. Metzger, Jr., L. O. Olson, D. A. Peckham, D. A. Reddaway, R. R. Ryan, R. P. Stein, K. von der Heydt, J. D. Watson, S. L. Weslander, and P. F. Worcester, Instrumentation for the Acoustic Thermometry of Ocean Climate (ATOC) prototype Pacific Ocean array, Proc. Oceans ’95 MTS/IEEE, San Diego, California, 1483–1500, 1995.

See the complete publication list

See the PDF of other material (abstracts, conference proceedings, reports, etc)

Professional service and affiliations

International Committees and Related Activities

  • 2008 –             Member, International Ocean Network Committee
  • 2006 –             Member, PEGASO (Italian Seafloor Observatory) Advisory Committee
  • 2005                Member, NEPTUNE Canada RFP Team
  • 2004 – 2005    Organizer, The Role of Acoustic Measurements in Ocean Observatories, International Conference on Underwater Acoustic Measurements: Technologies and Results, Crete, June 2005
  • 2003 –             Member, Current Measurement Technology Committee, IEEE-OES
  • 2003                Chair, NEPTUNE Pacific Northwest Workshop, Portland, April 2003.
  • 2003                 Invited participant, Scientific Uses of Undersea Cables and Related Technology, Tokyo
  • 2003 –             Co-Chair, Committee for Integrated Acoustics Systems for Ocean Observatories (IASOO), Acoustical Society of America
  • 1999                Fellowship, Science and Technology Agency, Japan
  • 1999                Chair, First Planning Meeting for Kuroshio Extension System Study, Seattle
  • 1998                Invited participant, TYKKI Meeting, Tokyo
  • 1997 – 2008    NEPTUNE planning and technical activities
  • 1997 – 2002    Member, IUGG-SCOR Committee on Acoustic Monitoring of the Global Ocean
  • 1992 – 2002    Member, IRIS Steering Committee on Scientific Use of Undersea Cables,

National Committees and Related Activities

  • 2008                Member, Global-Coastal Scale Nodes/OOI Review Committee for Ocean Profilers
  • 2005 – 2007    Vice-Chair, ORION Engineering Committee
  • 2005 – 2008    Member, Acoustic Navigation and Communication in High-latitude Ocean Research (ANCHOR) steering committee
  • 2004 – 2007    Chair, UNOLS Global Ship Class Science Mission Requirements Committee
  • 2004                Member, NSF Sensors Review Panel
  • 2003                Invited participant, Cabled Regional Observatory Workshop, San Francisco
  • 2003 – 2004    Member of Program Committee, AGU Oceans Sciences 2004 Meeting,
  • 2003 –             Co-chair, ASA Committee
    Integrated Acoustics Systems for Ocean Observatories
  • 2002 – 2003    Chair of Steering Committee, NEPTUNE Pacific Northwest Science Workshop
  • 2002                Invited participant, Scientific Cabled Observatories for Time Series Workshop, Norfolk
  • 2002                Organized UW NEPTUNE workshop
  • 2000 – 2010    Member, ASA Acoustical Oceanography Technical Committee
  • 1997                Member, NASA Oceanography Review Panel
  • 1997                Member, Organizing Committee, Ionospheric Determination and Specification Workshop, JPL, Pasadena
  • 1991 – 1995    Chairman, ONR Committee, Tomographic Data in Ocean Models

Editorial or Reviewer Services

  • Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society
  • Journal of Geophysical Research
  • Geophysical Research Letters
  • Journal of Marine Research
  • Journal of Physical Oceanography
  • Eos – Transactions of the American Geophysical Union
  • Journal of the IEEE Ocean Engineering Society
  • Marine Technology Society Journal
  • Measurement Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • Space Weather
  • Radio Science

Membership in Professional Societies

  • Acoustical Society of America
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • American Geophysical Union
  • American Meteorological Society
  • IEEE Oceanic Engineering Society
  • The Oceanography Society (charter life member)

Invited Seminars and Presentations

  • 2007                Invited speaker, University of Hawaii, SOEST
  • 2006                Invited speaker, Arizona State University, ORION and NEPTUNE
  • 2006                SoO Seminar, ORION Design and Implementation Workshop
  • 2006                Invited Speaker, Annual AAAS Meeting, Hydroacoustics, Symposium on Global Detection of Nuclear Explosions
  • 2005                Speaker, Ocean Observatories, UW School of Marine Affairs
  • 2004                Speaker, UW Physical Oceanography Seminar, Ocean Observatory Planning and the ORION workshop
  • 2003                Invited speaker, NEPTUNE and the NSF OOI, POGO-5 Meeting, Tokyo
  • 2003                Annual Lecture, Marine Acoustic Society of Japan, Ocean Observatories and Acoustics, Tokyo
  • 2002                JPL All-Lab Lecture, NEPTUNE
  • 2002                Briefing, NEPTUNE, PMW181, SPAWAR, San Diego
  • 2002                Briefing, NEPTUNE, Naval Facilities Engineering Systems Command
  • 2002                Invited speaker, ONR Mooring Workshop, NEPTUNE, Seattle
  • 2002                EE Seminar, NEPTUNE, UW
  • 2001                Briefing, NEPTUNE and the Navy, N775, Pentagon
  • 2001                APL Seminar, NEPTUNE, UW
  • 2000                EE Seminar, NEPTUNE, UW

Selected Synergistic Activities

  • 2008 –              International Ocean Network Committee, Member,
  • 2006 – 2008     Regional Scale Nodes, NSF Ocean Observatories Initiative, Project Scientist
  • 2005 – 2007     ORION Engineering Committee, Member
  • 2003 –              Integrated Acoustics Systems for Ocean Observatories, Co-chair of ASA Committee
  • 2003 –              Current Measurement Technology Committee, Member
  • 2000 – 2003     Acoustical Oceanography Technical Committee, ASA, Member
  • 1997 – 2008     NEPTUNE planning and technical activities
  • 1991 – 1995     Tomographic Data in Ocean Models, Chair of ONR Committee

Collaborators and Other Affiliations

  • M. Alford (UW), P. Arabshahi (UW), R. Andrew (UW), A. Baptista (OHSU), E. Boss (UMaine), Y. Chao (JPL/UCLA), J. Delaney (UW), B. Dushaw (UW), M. Dzieciuch (SIO), J. Gobat (UW), A. Gray (JPL), R. Lukas (UH), D. Martin (UW), T. McGinnis (UW), J. Mercer (UW), S. Roy (UW)

Graduate and Postdoctoral Advisors

  • MSc: Robert Street (Stanford).
  • PhD: Walter Munk (SIO) and Peter Worcester (SIO).
  • Postdoctoral: Peter Worcester (SIO)

Thesis Advisor and Postgraduate-Scholar Sponsor

  • Graduate Students Advised Currently
    Member, Committees for
    Leonard Tracy                       UW, Electrical Engineering        PhD     2007 –
    Nathan Parrish                       UW, Electrical Engineering        PhD     2007 –
  • Graduate Students Advised in Past
    Member, Committees for
    Ting Chan                              UW, Electrical Engineering        PhD     2007
    Shuai Lu                                UW, Electrical Engineering        PhD     2006
    Kevin Schneider                   UW, Electrical Engineering        PhD     2005
    Aditya Upadhye                    UW, Electrical Engineering        MSc    2003
    Chris Walter                          UW, Geophysics                       PhD    1999
    Christian Parker                    UW, Oceanography                  MSc    1998
    Chair, Committees for
    Michael Zarnetske                UW, Oceanography                  MSc    2005
    Keith Curtis                           UW, Oceanography                  MSc    1996
  • Post-Doctoral Research Scientist Advising
    Brian Dushaw               1992 – 1994