Richard E. Zeebe ________
Assistant Professor
Department of Oceanography
University of Hawaii at Manoa



Zeebe, R. E.. Modeling CO2 chemistry, d13C, and oxidation of organic carbon and methane in sediment porewater: Implications for paleo-proxies in benthic foraminifera. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, doi: 10.1016/j.gca.2007.05.004, in press 2007. PDF

Zeebe, R. E., and J. C. Zachos. Reversed deep-sea carbonate ion basin-gradient during Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum. Paleoceanography, doi:10.1029/2006PA001395, in press 2007. PDF

Wolf-Gladrow, D. A., R. E. Zeebe., C. Klaas, A. Koertzinger, and A. G. Dickson, Total alkalinity: the explicit conservative expression and its application to biogeochemical processes. Marine Chemistry, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2007.01.006, in press 2007. PDF

Zeebe, R. E., J. Bijma, B. Hoenisch, A. Sanyal, H. J. Spero, and D. A. Wolf-Gladrow. Vital Effects and Beyond: A Modeling Perspective on Developing Paleoceanographic Proxy Relationships in Foraminifera, The Geological Society, London. Special Publications. Biogeochemical Controls on Palaeoceanographic Proxies. Eds.: James, R., Austin, W. E. N., Clarke, L., Rickaby, R. E. M., in press 2007. PDF

Caldeira K., D. Archer, J. P. Barry, R. G. J. Bellerby, P. G. Brewer, L. Cao, A. G. Dickson, S. C. Doney, H. Elderfield, V. J. Fabry, R. A. Feely, J.-P. Gattuso, P. M. Haugan, O. Hoegh-Guldberg, A. K. Jain, J. A. Kleypas, C. Langdon, J. C. Orr, A. Ridgwell, C. L. Sabine, B. A. Seibel, Y. Shirayama, C. Turley, A. J. Watson, and R. E. Zeebe., Comment on "Modern-age buildup of CO2 and its effects on seawater acidity and salinity". Geophys. Res. Lett., in press 2007. PDF

Zeebe, R. E., and D. A. Wolf-Gladrow, Carbon dioxide, dissolved (ocean). Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments, Ed. V. Gornitz, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Earth Science Series, in press 2007. PDF

Wolf-Gladrow, D. A., and R. E. Zeebe. Isotope fractionation. Encyclopedia of Paleoclimatology and Ancient Environments, Ed. V. Gornitz, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Earth Science Series, in press 2007. PDF


Schulz, K. G., and R. E. Zeebe. Pleistocene glacial terminations triggered by synchronous changes in Southern and Northern Hemisphere insolation: The insolation canon hypothesis. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 2006. PDF

Schulz, K. G., U. Riebesell, B. Rost, S. Thoms, and R. E. Zeebe, Determination of the rate constants for the carbon dioxide to bicarbonate inter-conversion in pH-buffered seawater systems, Mar. Chem., 100, 53-65, 2006. PDF

Zeebe, R. E., Marine carbonate chemistry, in The Encyclopedia of Earth.


Zeebe, R. E., Stable boron isotope fractionation between dissolved B(OH)3 and B(OH)4-. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 69(11), 2753-2766, 2005. PDF

Zeebe, R. E., and D. Archer, Feasibility of ocean fertilization and its impact on future atmospheric CO2 levels. Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, L09703, doi:10.1029/2005GL022449, 2005. PDF

Ridgwell, A., and R. E. Zeebe. The role of the global carbonate cycle in the regulation and evolution of the Earth system. FRONTIERS ARTICLE, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., in press 2005. PDF

Koehler, P., H. Fischer, G. Munhoven, and R. E. Zeebe. Quantitative interpretation of atmospheric carbon records over the last glacial termination. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, (19), GB4020, doi:10.1029/2004GB002345, 2005. PDF


Tyrrell, T. and R. E. Zeebe. History of carbonate ion concentration over the last 100 million years. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 68(17), 3521-3530, 2004. PDF


Zeebe, R. E, and P. Westbroek, A simple model for the CaCO3 saturation state of the ocean: The "Strangelove", the "Neritan", and the "Cretan" ocean. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 4(12), 1104, doi:10.1029/2003GC000538, 2003. PDF

Zeebe, R. E, D. A. Wolf-Gladrow, J. Bijma, and B. Hoenisch, Vital effects in planktonic foraminifera do not compromise the use of d11B as a paleo-pH indicator: Evidence from modeling. Paleoceanography, 18(2), doi: 10.1029/2003PA000881, 2003. PDF

Hoenisch, B., J. Bijma, A. D. Russell, H. J. Spero, M. R. Palmer, R. E. Zeebe, and A. Eisenhauer, The influence of symbiont photosynthesis on the boron isotopic composition of foraminifera shells. Marine Micropaleontology, 49(1-2), doi: doi:10.1016/S0377-8398(03)00030-6, 2003. PDF


Zeebe, R. E. and A. Sanyal, Comparison of two potential strategies of planktonic foraminifera for house building: Mg2+ or H+ removal? Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 66(7), 1159-1169, 2002. PDF

Bijma, J., B. Hoenisch, and R. E. Zeebe, Impact of the ocean carbonate chemistry on living foraminiferal shell weight: Comment on ''Carbonate ion concentration in glacial-age deep waters of the Caribbean Sea'' by W. S. Broecker and E. Clark. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 3(11), 1064, doi: 10.1029/2002GC000388, 2002. PDF

Jansen, H., R. E. Zeebe, and D. A. Wolf-Gladrow, Modeling the dissolution of settling CaCO3 in the ocean. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 16(2), 10.1029/2000GB001279, 2002. PDF


Zeebe, R. E. and Wolf-Gladrow. CO2 in Seawater: Equilibrium, Kinetics, Isotopes. Elsevier Oceanography Series, 65, pp. 346, Amsterdam, 2001. BOOK

Zeebe, R. E., Seawater pH and Isotopic Paleotemperatures of Cretaceous Oceans. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 170(1-2) 49-57, 2001. PDF

Zeebe, R. E., A. Sanyal, J. D. Ortiz, and D. A. Wolf-Gladrow, A theoretical study of the kinetics of the boric acid - borate equilibrium in seawater. Mar. Chem., 73(2), 113-124, 2001. PDF

Zondervan, I., R. E. Zeebe, B. Rost, and U. Riebesell, Decreasing marine biogenic calcification: A negative feedback on rising atmospheric pCO2. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 15(2), 507-516, 2001. PDF

Riebesell, U., I. Zondervan, B. Rost, and R. E. Zeebe, Effects of increasing atmospheric CO2 on phytoplankton communities and the biological carbon pump. Global Change News Letters, 47, 12-15, 2001. PDF


Riebesell, U., I. Zondervan, B. Rost, P. D. Tortell, R. E. Zeebe, and F. M. M. Morel, Reduced calcification of marine plankton in response to increased atmospheric CO2. Nature, 407, 364-367, 2000.


Zeebe, R. E., An explanation of the effect of seawater carbonate concentration on foraminiferal oxygen isotopes.Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 63, 2001-2007, 1999. PDF

Zeebe, R. E., D. A. Wolf-Gladrow, and H. Jansen, On the time required to establish chemical and isotopic equilibrium in the carbon dioxide system in sea water. Mar. Chem., 65, 135-153, 1999. PDF

Zeebe, R. E., J. Bijma, and D. A. Wolf-Gladrow, A diffusion-reaction model of carbon isotope fractionation in foraminifera. Mar. Chem., 64, 199-227, 1999. PDF

Wolf-Gladrow, D. A., J. Bijma, and R. E. Zeebe, Model simulation of the carbonate system in the microenvironment of symbiont bearing foraminifera. Mar. Chem., 64, 181-198, 1999. PDF


Zeebe, R. E., H. Eicken, D. H. Robinson, D. A. Wolf-Gladrow, and G. S. Dieckmann, Modeling the heating and melting of sea ice through light absorption by microalgae. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 1163-1181, 1996. PDF

Dr. Richard E. Zeebe
Department of Oceanography
University of Hawaii at Manoa
1000 Pope Road
Marine Sciences Building 504
Honolulu, HI 96822
fon (808) 956-6473
fax (808) 956-7112