Scott Rowland

Ph.D., University of Hawai'i, 1987

Office: POST 617A
Phone Number: (808) 956-3150
Fax Number: (808) 956-5512

University of Hawai`i at Manoa
Department of Earth Sciences
1680 East-West Road, POST 606
Honolulu, HI 96822

GG101L (Dynamic Earth Lab)

GG103 (Geology of the Hawaiian Islands)

GG104 (Volcanoes in the Sea)

GG130 (Geologic Hazards)

GG305 (Geological Field Methods)

GG306 (Work of Water)

GG399 (Geology of Alaska & Hawai‘i)

GG460 (Geological Remote Sensing)

GG461 (Geospatial Information)

Research Interests:
Volcanology, Geology of Hawai'i, Remote sensing of volcanoes

Current Projects:
I am currently teaching various classes, workshops, and leading field trips. Additionally I am continuing research on various remote-sensing volcanology projects. These include working with Andy Harris and Harold Garbeil (HIGP/SOEST) on a thermo-rheological lava flow model (FLOWGO), working with the Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) team which will send a close-up camera to Mars in 2012 on the “Curiosity” rover, and mapping Galapagos volcanoes with Mark Kurz of WHOI.

Other Geological (or not) Links:


Shiro, BR, Rowland, SK, Hurtado, JM, Caldwell, BJ, Bleacher, JE, Fagents, SA, Roma, PG, Bedwell-Torres, WL, Binsted, K (2022). Geological tasks during HI-SEAS planetary analog mission simulations, Mauna Loa, Hawai'i. Planetary and Space Science, 212, 105409,


Heydari E, Schroeder JF, Calef FJ, Van Beek J, Rowland SK, Parker TJ, Farien AG (2020) Deposits from tiant floods in Gale crater and their implications for the climate of early Mars. Nature Research


Edgett, KS (and 22 others; 2020) Extraformational sediment recycling on Mars. Geosphere, 16 no. 6:1508–1537.   


Minitti ME (and 20 others; 2019) Distribution of primary and secondary features in the Pahrump Hills outcrop (Gale crater, Mars) as seen in a Mars descent Imager (MARDI) “sidewalk” mosaic. Icarus, 328:194-209. PDF


Malin MC (and 28 others; 2017) The Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Mast cameras and Descent imager: Investigation and instrument descriptions. Earth and Space Science 4:506-539,

    doi:10.1002/2016EA000252 PDF


Rowland SK (2017) GG104 – Volcanoes in the Sea: A course that examines the effects of Pacific-island geology and geophysics on Pacific cultures, past and present. In: Kauahikaua JP, Babb JL, eds., Conversing with Pelehonuamea – A workshop combining 1,000+ years of traditional Hawaiian knowledge with 200 years of scientific thought on Kīlauea volcanism. US Geol Surv Open File Report 2017-1043, 169 pp,


Harris AJL, Rowland SK, Villeneuve N, Thordarson T (2017) Pāhoehoe, ‘a‘ā, and block lava: an illustrated history of the nomenclature. B Volcanol 79.7, doi: 10.1007/s00445-016-1075-7


Harris AJL, Rowland SK (2015) Lava flows and rheology. In Sigurdsson H, Houghton B, McNutt SR, Rymer H, Styx J, eds. Encyclopedia of Volcanoes, 2nd Edition


Mangold N, and 49 others (2015) Chemical variations in Yellowknife Bay formation sedimentary rocks analyzed by ChemCam o board the Curiosity rover on Mars. J. Geophys. Res. Planets, 120:452–482, doi:10.1002/2014JE004681


Harris AJL, Rowland SK (2015) FLOWGO 2012: An updated framework for thermorheological simulations of Channel-Contained lava. In Carey R, Cayol V, Poland M, and Weis D, eds., Hawaiian Volcanoes: From Source to Surface, Am Geophys Union Geophysical Monograph 208


Blaney DL and 31 others (2014) Chemistry and texture of the rocks at Rocknest, Gale Crater: Evidence for sedimentary origin and diagenetic alteration. J Geophys Res Planets, 119:2109-2131, doi:10.1002/2013JE004590


Kurz MD, Rowland SK, Curtice J, Saal AE, Naumann T (2014) Eruption rates for Fernandina Volcano: A new chronology at the Galápagos hotspot center. In Harpp KS, Mittlestaedt E, d’Ozouville N, Graham DW, eds. The Galapagos: A Natural Laboratory for the Earth Sciences, Am Geophys Union Geophysical Monograph 204


Grotzinger JP and 71 others (2013) A habitable fluvio-lacustrine enfironment at Yellowknife Bay, Gale Crater, Mars. Science 343, 10.1126/science.1242777 PDF


Stolper EM, Baker MB, Newcombe ME, Schmidt ME, Treiman AH, Cousin A, Dyar MD, Fisk MR, Gellert R, King PL, Seshin L, Maurice S, McLennan SM, Minitti ME, Perrett G, Rowland S, Sautter V, Wiens RC, MSL Science Team (2013) The petrochemistry of Jake_M: A Martian mugearite. Science 341: DOI: 10.1126/science.1239463 PDF


Edgett KS, Yingst RA, Ravine MA, Caplinger MA, Maki JN, Ghaemi FT, Schaffner JA, Bell JF, Edwards LJ, Herkenhoff KE, Heydari E, Kah LC, Lemmon MT, Minitti ME, Olson TS, Parker TJ, Rowland SK, Schieber J, Sullivan RJ, Sumer DY, Thomas PC, Jensen EH, Simmonds JJ, Sengstaken AJ, Willson RG, Goetz W (2012) Curiosity’s Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI) Investigation. Space Science Reviews DOI 10.1007/s11214-012-9910-4. PDF


Rowland SK, Mouginis-Mark PJ, Fagents SA, (2011) NASA volcanology field workshops on Hawai‘i: Part 1. Description and history, in Garry WB, Bleacher JE, eds., Analogs for Planetary Exploration: Geological Society of America Special Paper 483: 401–434, doi:10.1130/2011.2483


Mouginis-Mark PJ, Fagents SA, Rowland SK, (2011) NASA volcanology field workshops on Hawai‘i: Part 2. Understanding lava flow morphology and flow field emplacement, in Garry WB, Bleacher JE, eds., Analogs for Planetary Exploration: Geological Society of America Special Paper 483: 435–448, doi:10.1130/2011.2483


Rowland SK, Sparks RSJ (2009) A pictorial summary of the life and work of George Patrick Leonard Walker. In: Hoskuldsson A, Thordarson T, Larsen G, Self S, Rowland S, eds. The Legacy of George P.L. Walker, Special Publications of IAVCEI, 2: 371–400, Geological Society, London.  PDF


Rowland SK, Jurado-Chichay Z, Ernst GJ (2009) Pyroclastic deposits and lava flows from the 1759–1774 eruption of El Jorullo, México: Aspects of “violent strombolian” activity and comparison with Parícutin. In: Hoskuldsson A, Thordarson T, Larsen G, Self S, Rowland S, eds. The Legacy of George P.L. Walker, Special Publications of IAVCEI, 2: 105-128, Geological Society, London. PDF


Harris AJL, Rowland SK (2009) Effusion Rate Controls on Lava Flow Length and the Role of Heat Loss: A Review. In: Hoskuldsson A, Thordarson T, Larsen G, Self S, Rowland S, eds. The Legacy of George P.L. Walker, Special Publications of IAVCEI, 2: 33-51, Geological Society, London. PDF


Mouginis-Mark PJ, Rowland SK (2008) Lava flows at Arsia Mons, Mars: Insights from a graben imaged by HiRISE. ICARUS 198:27-36. PDF


Kervyn M, Kervyn F, Goossens R, Rowland SK, Ernst GGJ (2007) Mapping volcanic terrain using high-resolution and 3D satellite remote sensing. In: Teeuw RM (ed) Mapping Hazardous Terrain using Remote Sensing. Geol. Soc. Lond. Spec Publ 283:5-30. PDF


Mouginis-Mark PJ, Harris AJL, Rowland SK (2007) Terrestrial analogs to the calderas of the Tharsis volcanoes on Mars, in: Chapman M (ed) The Geology of Mars: Evidence from Earth-Based Analogs. Cambridge Univ. Press: 71-94


Bailey JE, Harris AJL, Dehn J, Calvari S, Rowland SK (2006) The changing morphology of an open lava channel on Mt. Etna. Bull Volc 68:497-515 PDF


Rowland SK, Garbeil H, Harris AJL (2005) Lava channel lengths and hazards on Mauna Loa determined from thermal and downslope modeling with FLOWGO. Bull Volcanol 67:634-647. PDF


Rowland SK, Lockwood JP, Trusdell FA, Moore RB, Sako MK, Koyanagi RY, Kojima G (2005) Anatahan, Northern Mariana Islands: reconnaissance geological observations during and after the volcanic crisis of spring 1990, and monitoring prior to the May 2003 eruption. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 146:26-59. PDF


Rowland, SK Harris AJL, Garbeil H (2004) The effects of Martian conditions on numerically-modeled, cooling-limited, channelized lava flows. J Geophys Res 109 E10010, doi:10.1029/2004JE002288. PDF


Lautze NC, Harris AJL, Bailey JE, Ripepe M, Calvari S, Dehn J, Rowland S, Evans-Jones K (2004). Pulsed lava effusion at Mount Etna during 2001. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 137:231-246. PDF


Garcés M, Harris A, Hetzer C, Johnson J, Rowland S, Marchetti E, Okubo P (2003) Infrasonic tremor observed at Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i. Geophys Res Lett 30:2023-2026, doi:10.1029/2003GL018038. PDF


Rowland SK, Harris AJL, Wooster MJ, Garbeil H, Mouginis-Mark PJ, Amelung F, Wilson L (2003) Volumetric characteristics of lava flows from interferometric radar and multispectral satellite data: the 1995 Fernandina and 1998 Cerro Azul eruptions in the western Galápagos. Bull Volcanol 65:311-330. PDF


Harris AJL, Rowland SK (2001). FLOWGO: A kinematic thermo-rheological model for lava flowing in a channel. Bull Volcanol 63:20-44. PDF


Rowland SK, Garbeil H (2000). The slopes of oceanic basalt volcanoes. in Remote Sensing of Active Volcanism, AGU Monograph 116, PJ Mouginis-Mark, JA Crisp, JH Fink, eds. pp. 223-247. PDF


Zimbelman JR,  Fagents SA, Gregg TKP, Manley CR, Rowland SK (2000). Subaerial Terrestrial Volcanism: Eruptions in our own Backyard, in: Environmental Effects on Volcanic Eruptions: From Deep Oceans to Deep Space JR Zimbelman & TKP Gregg, Eds. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, New York, pp. 9-37.


Mouginis-Mark PJ, Rowland SK (2001). The geomorphology of planetary calderas. Geomorphology 37:201-223. PDF


Rowland SK, MacKay ME, Garbeil H, Mouginis-Mark PJ (1999). Topographic analyses of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i, from interferometric airborne radar. Bull. Volcanol. 61:1-14.  PDF


Jonsson S, Zebker H, Cervelli P, Garbeil H, Mouginis-Mark P, Rowland S (1999). A shallow-dipping dike fed the 1995 flank eruption at Fernandina Volcano, Galapagos Islands. Geophys. Res. Lett. 26:1077-1080. PDF


MacKay ME, Rowland SK, Mouginis-Mark PJ, and Garbeil H, (1998). Thick lava flows of Karisimbi volcano, Rwanda: Insights from SIR-C interferometric topography. Bull Volcanol 60:239-251. PDF


Harris AJL, Flynn LP, Keszthelyi L, Mouginis-Mark PJ, Rowland SK (1998). Calculation of lava effusion rates from Landsat TM data. Bull Volcanol 60:52-71. PDF


Rowland SK (1996). Slopes, lava flow volumes, and vent distributions on Volcán Fernandina, Galápagos Islands. J. Geophys. Res. 101:27,657-27,672. PDF


Mouginis-Mark PJ, Rowland SK, and Garbeil H. (1996). Slopes of Western Galapagos volcanoes from airborne interferometric Radar. Geophysical Research Letters, 23:3767-3770. PDF


Munro DC, Rowland SK (1996). Caldera morphology in the western Galápagos and implications for volcano eruptive behavior and mechanisms of caldera formation. J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. 72:85-100. PDF


Jurado-Chichay Z, Urrutia Fucugauchi J, Rowland SK (1996).  A paleomagnetic study of the Pohue Bay flow and its associated coastal cones, Mauna Loa Volcano, Hawaii: constraints on their origin and temporal relationships. Physics of Earth and Planetary Interiors. Phys. Earth Planet. Int. 97:269-277. PDF


Jurado-Chichay Z, Rowland SK, Walker GPL (1996). The formation of circular littoral cones from tube-fed pahoehoe: Mauna Loa, Hawaii. Bull. Volcanol. 57:471-482. PDF


Jurado-Chichay Z, Rowland SK (1995). Channel overflows of the Pōhue Bay flow, Mauna Loa, Hawai‘i: examples of the contrast between surface and interior lava. Bull. Volcanol. 57:117-126. PDF


Rowland SK, Munro DC, Perez-Oviedo V-H (1994). Volcán Ecuador, Galápagos Islands: Erosion as a possible mechanism for the generation of steep-sided basaltic volcanoes. Bull. Volcanol. 56:271-283. PDF


Rowland SK, Smith GA, Mouginis-Mark PJ (1994). Preliminary ERS-1 Observations of Alaskan and Aleutian Volcanoes. Remote Sensing of the Environment 48:358-369. PDF


Bruno BC, Taylor GJ, Rowland SK, Baloga SM (1994). Quantifying the effect of rheology on lava-flow margins using fractal geometry. Bull Volcanol 56:193-206. PDF


Rowland SK, Munro DC (1993). The 1919-1920 eruption of Mauna Iki, Kilauea: chronology, geologic mapping, and magma transport mechanisms.  Bull. Volcanol. 55:190-203. PDF


Rowland SK, Munro DC (1992). The caldera of Volcan Fernandina: a remote sensing study of its structure and recent activity. Bull. Volcanol. 55:97-109. PDF


Bruno BC, Taylor GJ, Rowland SK, Lucey PG, Self S (1992). Lava flows are fractals. Geophys. Res. Lett. 19:305-308. PDF


Mouginis-Mark P, Rowland S, Francis P, Friedman, T, Garbeil H, Gradie J, Self S, Wilson L, Crisp J, Glaze L, Jones K, Kahle A, Pieri D, Zebker H, Krueger A, Walter L, Wood C, Rose W, Adams J, Wolff R (1991). Analysis of active volcanoes from the Earth Observing System. Remote Sens. Environ. 36:1-12.


Munro DC, Rowland SK, Mouginis-Mark PJ, Wilson, L, Perez-Oviedo VH (1991). An investigation of the distribution of eruptive products on the shield volcanoes of the western Galapagos islands using remotely-sensed data. Program, 8th Thematic Conf. on Remote Sensing.


Rowland SK, Walker GPL (1990). Pahoehoe and a'a in Hawaii: Volumetric flow rate controls the lava structure.  Bull. Volcanol. 52:615-628. PDF


Rowland SK, Walker GPL (1988). Mafic-crystal distributions, viscosities, and lava structures of some Hawaiian lava flows.  J. Volcanol. and Geotherm. Res., 35:55-66. PDF

Rowland SK, Walker GPL (1987). Toothpaste lava: characteristics and origin of a lava structural type transitional between pahoehoe and a'a.  Bull. Volc., 49:631-641. PDF

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last update 1/15/05