Glazer, Brian

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Associate Professor
Department of Oceanography
University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Marine Science Building
1000 Pope Road
Honolulu, HI 96822
Phone (Office): (808) 956-6658
Phone (Lab): (808) 956-6605
Fax: (808) 956-9225
Lab: Glazer Lab

Curriculum Vitae


  • Ph.D. 2004 — Marine Studies, University of Delaware
  • M.S. 1999 — Marine Studies, University of Delaware
  • B.S. 1997 — Biology, Pennsylvania State University

Professional Appointments

  • UH Oceanography: Associate Professor, 20011–present
  • UH Oceanography: Assistant Professor, 2006–2011
  • UH NASA Astrobiology Institute: Postdoctoral Fellow, 2004–2006

Research Interests

Brian Glazer is a professor in the Department of Oceanography, in the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, at the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa. He serves on the National Science Foundation’s Ocean Observing Initiative Facilities Board as well as the Deep Submergence Science Steering Committee. Glazer has 21 years of experience in ocean observing science, both at deep-sea volcanoes and the coastal zone. He earned a B.S. degree in Biology from the Pennsylvania State University in 1997, M.S. in Marine Sciences from the University of Delaware in 1999, and Ph.D. in Marine Sciences in 2004, also at UD. In 2004, Brian was awarded a postdoctoral fellowship with the NASA Astrobiology Institute, and in 2006 he was appointed as assistant professor of oceanography. Glazer’s research involves autonomous samplers, chemical analyzers, and assets from the National Deep Submergence Facility, including the human-occupied submersible Alvin, ROV Jason-II, and AUV Sentry. Glazer has sailed on two dozen research expeditions, spending between 1-3 months at sea per year over the past 20 years. For the past three years, Glazer focus has shifted to the interface between chemistry and biology within coastal Hawaii, especially within loko iʻa (traditional Hawaiian fishponds). His group has developed affordable sensors, instruments, and a web-based data platform and maintains over 130 real-time sensors in five states. Glazer’s funding sources have included NSF, NOAA, NASA, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, Schmidt Ocean Institute, Schmidt Marine Technology Partners, and the Posner Foundation.

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(41) Wang, ZA, Moustahfid, H, Mueller, AV, Michel, APM, Mowlem, M, Glazer, BT, Mooney, TA, Michaels, W, McQuillan, JS, Robidart, JC, Churchill, J, Sourisseau, M, Daniel, A, Schaap, A, Monk, S, Friedman, K, Brehmer, P. (2019) Advancing Observation of Ocean Biogeochemistry, Biology, and Ecosystems With Cost-Effective in situ Sensing Technologies. Frontiers in Earth Science, doi: 10.3389/fmars.2019.00519. (PDF)

(40) Clague, D, Paduan, JB, Caress, DW, Moyer, CL, Glazer, BT, Yoerger, DR. (2019) Structure of Loihi Seamount, Hawaii and Lava Flow Morphology From High-Resolution Mapping. Frontiers in Earth Science, doi: 10.3389/feart.2019.00058. (PDF)

(39) Rouxel, O, Toner, B, Germain, Y, Glazer, BT. (2018) Geochemistry and iron isotopic insights into hydrothermal iron oxyhydroxide deposit formation at Loihi Seamount. Geochimica Cosmochimica Acta, 220:449-482, (PDF)

(38) Tully, BJ, Wheat, CG, Glazer, BT, Huber, JA. (2018) A dynamic microbial community with high functional redundancy inhabits the cold, oxic subseafloor aquifer. The ISME Journal, 12(1):1-16, doi:10.1038/ismej.2017.187. Epub 2017 Nov 3.. (PDF)

(37) Fassbender, AJ et al. (2017) Perspectives on Chemical Oceanography in teh 21st century: Participants of the COME ABOARD Meeting examine aspects of the field in the context of 40 years of DISCO Marine Chemistry, (PDF)

(36) Proemse, BC, Murray, AE, Schallenberg, C, McKiernan, B, Glazer, BT, Young, SA, Ostrom, NE, Bowie, AR, Wieser, ME, Kenig, F, Doran, PT, Edwards, R . (2017) Iron cycling in the anoxic cryo-ecosystem of Antarctic Lake Vida. Biogeochemistry, doi:10.1007/s10533-017-0346-5. (PDF)

(35) Scott, JJ, Glazer, BT, Emerson, D. (2017) Bringing microbial diversity into focus: high-resolution analysis of iron mats from the Loihi Seamount. Environmental Microbiology, 19(1):301-316. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13607. (PDF)

(34) Chan, CS, McAllister, SM, Leavitt, AH, Glazer, BT, Krepski, ST, Emerson, D. (2016) The architecture of iron microbial mats reflects the adaptation of chemolithotrophic iron oxidation in freshwater and marine environments. Frontiers in Microbiology, 7:796. doi:10.3389/fmicb.201600796. (PDF)

(33) Meyer, JL, Jaekel, U, Tully, BJ, Glazer, BT, Wheat, CG, Lin, HT, Hsieh, C, Cowen, JP, Hulme, SM, Girguis, PR, Huber, JA. (2016) A distinct and active bacterial community in cold oxygenated fluids circulating beneath the western flank of the Mid-Atlantic ridge. Scientific Reports, 6. doi:10.1038/srep22541. (PDF)

(32) Escoube, R, Rouxel, OJ, Edwards, KJ, Glazer, BT, Donard, OFX. (2015) Coupled Ge/Si and Ge isotope ratios as geochemical tracers of seafloor hydrothermal systems: Case studies at Loihi Seamount and East Pacific Rise 9°50’N. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 167: 93-112. (PDF)

(31) Fram, JP, Pawlak, GR, Sansone, FJ, .Glazer, BT, Hannides, AK. (2014) Miniature thermistor chain for determining surficial sediment porewater advection. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 12: 155-165. (PDF)

(30) Jungbluth, S, Lin, HT, Cowen, JP, Glazer, BT, Rappe, M. (2014) Phylogenetic diversity of microorganisms in subseafloor crustal fluids from boreholes 1025C and 1026B along the Juan de Fuca Ridge flank. Frontiers in Microbiology, 5: 119(1-16); doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00119. (PDF)

(29) Hannides, AK, Glazer, BT, Sansone, FJ. (2014) Extraction and quantification of microphytobenthic pigments within calcareous reef sands. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 12:126-138. (PDF)

(28) Briggs, RA, Ruttenberg, KC, Glazer, BT, Ricardo, AE. (2013) Constraining Sources of Organic Matter to Tropical Coastal Sediments: Consideration of Nontraditional End-members. Aquatic Geochemistry, doi: 10.1007/s10498-013-9219-2. (PDF)

(27) Orcutt, BN, LaRowe, DE, Biddle, JF, Colwell, FS, Glazer, BT, Reese, BK, Kirkpatrick, JB, Lapham, LL, Mills, HJ, Sylvan, JB, Wankel, SD, Wheat, CG. (2013) Microbial activity in the deep marine biosphere: progress and prospects. Frontiers In Microbiology, doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2013.00189. (PDF)

(26) Cowen, J.P., Copson, D., Jolly, J., Hsieh, C.-C., Matsumoto, R., Glazer, B.T. et al. (2012) Advanced
instrument system for real-time and time-series microbial geochemical sampling of the deep (basaltic) crustal biosphere. Deep-Sea Research I, 61: 43-56. (PDF)

(25) Wheat CG, Jannasch, HW, Kastner, M, Hulme, S, Cowen, J, Edwards, KJ, Orcutt, B, Glazer, BT. (2011) Fluid sampling from oceanic borehole observatories: designs and methods for CORK activities (1990-2010). IODP Exp.327 Reports, MS 327-109, doi:10.2204/iodp.proc.327.109.2011. (PDF)

(24) Edwards, KJ, Glazer, BT, Rouxel, O, Bach, W., Emerson, D, Davis, RE, Toner, B, Chan, C , Tebo, BM, Staudigel, H., Moyer, CL. (2011) Ultra-diffuse hydrothermal venting supports Fe-oxidizing bacteria and massive umber deposition at 5000m off Hawaii. The ISME Journal, doi:10.1038/ismej.2011.48. (PDF)

(23) Glazer, BT and Rouxel, OJ. (2009) Redox speciation and distribution within diverse iron-dominated microbial habitats at Loihi Seamount. Geomicrobiology Journal, 26:8, 606-622. (PDF)

(22) Gaidos, E, Marteinsson, V, Thorsteinn, T, Johannesson, T, Rafnsson, AR, Stefansson, A, Glazer, BT, Lanoil, B, Skidmore, M, Han, S, Miller, M, Rusch, A, Foo, W. (2009) An oligarchic microbial assemblage in the anoxic bottom waters of a volcanic subglacial lake. The ISME Journal, 3(4): 486-497. (PDF)

(21) Sansone, FJ, Pawlak, G, Stanton, T, McManus, MA, Glazer, BT, DeCarlo, EH, Bandet, M, Sevadjian, J., Stierhoff, K, Colgrove, C, Hebert, AB, Chen, IC. (2008) Kilo Nalu: Physical/Biogeochemical dynamics above and within permeable sediments. Oceanography, 21(4): 173-178. (PDF)

(20) Luther III, GW, Glazer, BT, Ma, S, Troubworst, RE, Moore, TS, Metzger, E., Kraiya, C, Waite, T, Druschel, GK, Sundby, B, Taillefert, M, Nuzzio, DB, Shank, TM, Lewis, B. (2008) Use of voltammetric solid-state (micro)electrodes for studying biogeochemical processes: laboratory measurements to real time measurements with an in situ electrochemical analyzer (ISEA). Marine Chemistry, 108: 221-235. (PDF)

(19) Sørenson, K, Glazer, BT, Hannides, A., Gaidos, E. (2007) Spatial structure of the microbial community in sandy carbonate sediments. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 346:61-74. (PDF)

(18) Mottl, MJ, Glazer, BT, Kaiser, RI, Meech, K. (2007) Water and astrobiology. Chemie der Erde 67: 253-282. (PDF)

(17) Gaidos, E, Glazer, BT, Thorsteinsson, T, Johannessen, T, Skidmore, M, Stefansson, A, Lanoil, B, Marteinsson, V, Einarsson, B, Gislason, S, Kjartansson, V, de Camargo, L, Kristjansson, J, Miller, M, Roberts, MJ, Sigurosson, G, Sigurosson, O. (2007) A simple sampler for subglacial water bodies. Journal of Glaciology, 53(180):1-2. (PDF)

(16) Lewis, B., Glazer, BT, Montbriand, PJ, Luther III, GW, Nuzzio, DB, Ma, S, Theberge, SM. (2007) Short-term and interannual variability of redox-sensitive chemical parameters in hypoxic/anoxic bottom waters of the Chesapeake Bay. Marine Chemistry, 105:296-308. (PDF)

(15) Cowen, JP, Fornari, DJ, Shank, TM, Love, B, Glazer, BT, Treusch, A, Holmes, C, Soule, SA, Baker, ET, Tolstoy, M, and Science Party R/V New Horizon. (2007) Rapid response to a volcanic eruption at the East Pacific Rise Crest near 9°50N. EOS, 88(7) 81-83. (PDF)

(14) Tolstoy, M, J. P. Cowen, E. T. Baker, D.J. Fornari, K.H. Rubin, T.M. Shank, F. Waldhauser, D.R. Bohnenstiehl, D.W. Forsyth, R.C. Holmes , M.R. Perfit, R.T. Weekly, B.T. Glazer. (2006) A Seafloor Spreading Event Captured by Seismometers: forecasting and characterizing an eruption. Science, 314(5807):1920-1922. (PDF)

(13) Trouwborst, RE, Clement, BG, Tebo, BM, Glazer, BT, Luther III, GW. (2006) Soluble Mn(III) in suboxic zones. Science, 313:1955-1957. (PDF)

(12) Glazer, BT, Luther III, GW, Konovalov, SK, Freiderich, GE, Trouwborst, RE, Romanov, AS. (2006) Spatial and temporal variability of the Black Sea suboxic zone. Deep Sea Research II, 53:1756-1768. (PDF)

(11) Glazer, BT, Luther III, GW, Konovalov, SK, Freiderich, GE, Nuzzio, DB, Trouwborst, RE, Tebo, BM, Clement, BG, Romanov, AS. (2006) Documenting the suboxic zone of the Black Sea via high-resolution real time redox profiling. Deep Sea Research II, 53:1740-1755. (PDF)

(10) Roden, EE, Sobolev, D, Glazer, BT, Luther III, GW. (2004) Potential for microscale bacterial Fe redox cycling at the aerobic-anaerobic interface. Geomicrobiology Journal, 21:379-391. (PDF)

(9) Luther III, GW, Ma, S, Trouwborst, RE, Glazer, BT, Blickley, M, Scarborough, RW, Mensinger, MG. (2004) The roles of anoxia, H2S, and storm events in fish kills of dead end canals of Delaware Inland Bays. Estuaries, 27(3): 551-560. (PDF)

(8) Wommack, KE, Sundberg, A, Helton, RR, Glazer, BT, Cary, SC. (2004) An instrument for collecting discrete large-volume water samples. Deep Sea Research I, 51(11): 1781-1792. (PDF)

(7) Glazer, BT, Marsh, AM, Stierhoff, K, Luther III, GW. (2004) The dynamic response of optical oxygen sensors and voltammetric electrodes to temporal changes in dissolved oxygen concentrations. Analytica Chimica Acta, 518(93-100). (PDF)

(6) Luther III, GW, Glazer, BT, Ma, S, Trouwborst, R, Shultz, BR, Druschel, G, Kraiya, C. (2003) Iron and sulfur chemistry in a stratified lake: evidence for iron rich sulfide complexes. Aquatic Geochemistry, 9:87-110. (PDF)

(5) Konovalov, SK, Luther III, GW, Freiderich, GE, Nuzzio, DB, Tebo, BM, Murray, JW, Oguz, T, Glazer, BT, Clement, BG, Murray, K, Romanov, AS. (2003) Lateral injection of oxygen via mixing of water masses creates fingers of oxidizing potential in the Black Sea. Limnology and Oceanography, 48(6):2369-2376. (PDF)

(4) Rozan, TF, Taillefert, M Trouwborst, RE, Glazer, BT, Ma, Shufen, Herszage, J, Valdes, LM, Price, K, Luther III, GW. (2002) Iron-sulfur-phosphorus cycling in the sediments of a shallow coastal bay: implications for sediment nutrient release and benthic macroalgal blooms. Limnology and Oceanography 47(5):1346-1354. (PDF)

(3) Glazer, BT, Cary, SC, Hohmann, L, Luther III, GW. (2002) Sulfur speciation and microbial characterization of an intertidal salt marsh microbial mat. in Environmental Electrochemistry: Analysis of trace element biogeochemistry. Taillefert, M and Rozan, TF eds. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 811:283-304. (PDF)

(2) Taillefert, M, Rozan, TF, Glazer, BT, Herszage, J, Trouwborst, RE, Luther III, GW. (2002) Seasonal variations of soluble organic Fe(III) in sediment porewaters as revealed by voltammetric microelectrodes. in Environmental Electrochemistry: Analysis of trace element biogeochemistry. Taillefert, M and Rozan, TF eds. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 811: 247-264. (PDF)

(1) Luther III, GW, Glazer, BT, Hohmann, L, Popp, JI, Taillefert, M, Rozan, TF, Brendel, PJ, Theberge, SM, Nuzzio, DB. (2001) Sulfur speciation monitored in situ with solid-state gold amalgam voltammetric microelectrodes: polysulfides as a special case. Journal of Environmental Monitoring. 3: 61-66. (PDF)