Gregory F. Moore

Dept. of Earth Sciences
University of Hawaii
1680 East-West Rd., POST 813
Honolulu, HI 96822
Office: POST 804
Phone: (808) 956-6854

Greg at UH 2019 Graduation with Jason (Ph.D.) and Nina (M.S.)

For a copy of Greg's current CV, click here.

2020 Schedule

Stuck at home for the foreseeable future due to COVID19

Present Position

Professor, Marine Geophysics


B.A., 1973 (Univ. California, Santa Barbara)
M.A., 1974 (Johns Hopkins Univ.)
Ph.D., 1978 (Cornell University)


Greg spent 4 1/2 years on the research staff at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1 1/2 years as research geologist at Cities Service Research Lab, and 5 years as an associate professor at the University of Tulsa before joining the U.H. faculty in 1989. He has participated in 26 oceanographic expeditions, including 18 as Chief or Co-chief scientist and six cruises for the Ocean Drilling Program (two as co-chief scientist). He is a fellow of the Geological Society of America, and a member of the American Geophysical Union, the Society of Exploration Geophysicists, and the American Association of Petroleum Geologists.

During 2006-2008, Greg worked at JAMSTEC in Yokohama, Japan as Advisor to Asahiko Taira, Director General of the Center for Deep Earth Exploration (CDEX). In November, 2007, we completed the first expedition of IODP drilling with D/V Chikyu in the NanTroSEIZE area south of Honshu, Japan. Stage 2 of NanTroSEIZE took place during June-October, 2009, and Stage 3 began in 2010 and continued in 2013, 2014 and 2018-9 -- Greg was one of four co-chief scientists on Expedition 338, and participated in Exp 358; his student, Brian Boston, joined Exp 348.

Current Research

Greg's main research interest is in the highly deformed belts of rock that develop along convergent plate margins. This is, in large part, a study of the processes responsible for mountain building and for the generation of continental crust. Because most convergent plate margins are expressed as trench-arc systems in which the zones of active deformation are beneath very deep water, we must rely largely on marine geological and geophysical remote sensing techniques. These have included seismic reflection profiling, high-resolution multibeam bathymetric mapping, and ocean drilling. He is also interested in giant landslides off the Hawaiian Islands.

Nankai Trough 3D seismic and IODP Drilling project
During April-May, 2006, we conducted a 3D seismic reflection cruise to the new IODP drilling transect in the Nankai Trough. The data set was collected by PGS using the Nordic Explorer with 4 x 4500m streamers. A full 3D pre-stack depth migration (PSDM) was completed by IFREE/JAMSTEC in November, 2007.,br> Since late 2007, the Kumano Transect has been the site of a drilling campaign by IODP using the Japanese drill ship Chikyu. An initial results paper appeared in Science in November, 2007. A second paper that defines the regional tectonic setting of the NanTro transect was published in the IODP Expedition 314/5/6 Initial Report Volume can be found here.

Other papers from this project include:

Large Mass Transport Deposits in Kumano Basin (2015, in Submarine Landslides and Their Consequences) by Moore and Strasser
Development of tectono-sedimentary system in the Kumano Basin (2015, Marine and Petoleum Geology) by Moore, Boston, Strasser, Underwood and Ratliff
IODP Expedition 338 (2014, Sci. Drilling) by Moore, Kanagawa, Strasser, Dugan and Exp 338 Science Party
Analysis of normal fault populations in Kumano Basin (2013) by Moore, Boston, Sacks and Saffer
Evolution of sedimentary environments in the Nankai subduction zone (2012, Tectonics of Sedimentary Basins) by Mike Underwood and G. Moore.
Heat flow estimated from BSR and IODP borehole data in Nankai imbricate thrust zone (2011, G-Cubed) by Masa Kinoshita et al.
In situ stress state from walkaround VSP anisotrop in Kumano Basin (2011, G-cubed) by Takeshi Tsuji et al.
Slumping and mass movement deposition in the Nankai forearc: Evidence from IODP drilling and 3-D reflection seismic data (2011, G-cubed) by Michi Strasser et al.
Spatial and temporal evolution of the seismo-tsunamigenic splay fault in the Nankai Trough (2011, G-cubed) by Gaku Kimura et al.
Rapid forearc basin uplift and megasplay fault development from 3D seismic images of Nankai Margin off Kii Peninsula, Japan (2010, EPSL) by Sean Gulick et al.
Massive methane release triggered by seafloor erosion offshore southwestern Japan (2010, Geology) by Nathan Bangs et al.
A low velocity zone with weak reflectivity along the Nankai subduction zone (2010, Geology) by Jin-Oh Park et al.
Possible Strain Partitioning Structure Between the Kumano Forearc Basin and the Slope of the Nankai Trough Accretionary Prism (2010, G-cubed) by Kylara Martin et al.
Interaction between deformation and fluids in the frontal thrust of the NanTroSEIZE Kumano Transect (G-cubed) by Liz Screaton et al.
Origin and evolution of a splay fault in the Nankai accretionary wedge (Nature Geoscience) by Michi Strasser et al.
Broad, weak regions of the Nankai Megathrust and implications for shallow coseismic slip (EPSL) by Nathan Bangs et al.
Intraoceanic thrust in the Nankai Trough off the Kii Peninsula: Implications for intraplate earthquakes (GRL) by Takeshi Tsuji et al.

Japan Trench Seismic Reflection Study

After the 2011 Tohoku earthquake, we were funded to join a cruise by our JAMSTEC colleagues to image the epicentral zone. Ph.D. student Brian Boston has been anlyzing the results of these surveys:
Outer-rise normal fault development and influence on near-trench decollement propagation along the Japan Trench off Tohoku (2014, Earth Planets Space) by Boston, Moore, Nakamura and Kodaira.

Study of Regional Tectonics and Mud Volcanoes along the west coast of Myanmar, NE Indian Ocean

In 2013 Greg began a study of the geology of western Myanmar, including Ramree and Cheduba Islands that were know to have large mud volcanoes. We conducted field studies in the region in May 2013, March 2014, and March 2015 and discovered serpentinites overlain by red cherts that are in turn overlain by deformed Eocene and Oligocene "Indo-Burman Flysch" and Miocene strata. The islands have several large mud volcanoes that we sampled for geochemical analyses by Achim Kopf's group at MARUM, Bremen University.

No publications yet

Study of mud volcanoes along the seaward margin of Kumano Basin, Nankai Trough
In June, 2015, Greg joined a cruise on JAMSTEC's R/V Yokosuka that used the AUV Urashima to collect near-bottom multibeam bathymetry, side-scan and sub-bottom profiles across mud volcanoes that reach the seafloor along the seaward edge of Kumano Basin. Analysis of the data sets is being conducted with Chief Scientist Miho Asada of JAMSTEC and Dr. Kiichiro Kawamura of Yamaguchi University.
This cruise was followed in October, 2016 by a cruise on the German R/V Sonne that collected high-resolution multibeam bathymetry and ParaSound seismic data (Co-chief scientists Achim Kopf and Michi Strasser

No publications yet.

For older research projects, scroll to the bottom of this page.


In Spring, 2018, Greg taught a new undergraduate course "Natural Disasters and Human History" (GG135)
and he co-taught Marine Geology in Fall, 2018.


Greg was Associate Editor of the Journal of Geophysical Research from 2005-2011.
Most of Greg's other professional service has been with the Ocean Drilling Program: He is a member of the NanTroSEIZE Project Management (now Coordination) Team and was a member of the Western Pacific Panel (1985-1989), the Site Survey Panel (1990-1992) and the Tectonics Panel (1992-1995), and the Planning Committee (PCOM) (1995-1996) and SciCOM (1996-1998).
Greg also co-convened a 3-day workshop on 3D Seismic Imaging at Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory (8-10 September 2005). See articles in EOS and Scientific Drilling for details.


Educational Software Grants and Programs

We would like to thank the following companies for their educational software grants that allow us to do state-of-the art seismic reflection processing and interpretation:
  • Landmark Graphics (now part of Halliburton)
  • Paradigm Software (now part of Emerson)
  • Midland Valley Software (now part of Petroleum Experts)
  • --------------------------

    Recent Research Projects

    • 3-D Seismic Investigation of the Sediment-to-Rock Transition and Its relationship to Nankai Subduction Seismicity

      This was a joint study with Nathan Bangs and Tom Shipley at the University of Texas and Casey Moore at UC Santa Cruz. We collected an 8 x 80 km 3-D seismic data volume over the lower slope of the Nankai Trough during June, July and August of 1999.

      To see a first description of the data set, click here.

      The 3D volume has now been processed through pre-stack time migration by our UTIG colleagues and several papers have been published ( Heffernan et al.; Gulick et al. ; Bangs et al. )

      Additional funding has been received for 3D pre-stack depth migration of the frontal portion of the 3D volume.
      See Costa Pisani et al. for a description of the 3D PSDM work.
      This was a joint project with Harold Tobin (New Mexico Tech) and Demian Saffer (Penn State).
      We recently published a paper on Structural restoration of thrusts at the toe of the prism and implications for dewatering processes

    • Ocean Drilling Program Leg 190

      During summer of 2000, Greg was co-chief scientist on ODP Leg 190, which drilled into the Nankai accretionary prism.

      To check out the Leg 190 Initial Report,
      click here.

      For a summary paper published in the AGU on-line publication G-cubed, click here.

      And for the Leg 190/196 Scientific Results Volume, click here.

      Also, check out the Leg 190/196 Synthesis.
      Underwood et al. (2003) presents additional Leg 190 results.

    • Seismic Reflection study of giant landsliding on the flanks of Kilauea, Ko`olau and Wai`anae volcanoes, Hawaii

      This is a joint project with Juli Morgan (now at Rice University). We collected 2000 km of 160-channel seismic reflection data off Kilauea's south flank and 250 km of data off Ko`olau's (Oahu) northeast flank in January- February, 1998.

      A preliminary paper, published in 2000 in Geology can be found by clicking here.

      A more comprehensive analysis of the seismic reflection lines is presented in an AGU Monograph published in 2001 (see Hills et al. citation below).

      Details of the Hilina slump were presented in a 2003 paper that can be seen by clicking here.

      A paper that appeared in 2002 in Marine Geology discusses sedimentation adjacent to the Big Island. Click here to see it.

      Click here to see a paper that describes the internal structure of Puna Ridge.

      Click here to see a paper on the Wai`anae slump.

      A paper by Mike Garcia and others on the Nu`uanu slump can be found here.


    Outside Activities

    Greg's major non-professional interest is Hawaiian canoe racing. He is currently paddling with Hui Nalu Canoe Club.
    During the 2019 season, Greg paddled with the men's 65 crew (one 1st place, one 2nd).

    The Hui Nalu Sr. Master crew (right) caught a great wave to win by 0.15 sec in the 2004 McFarlane Regatta at Waikiki.
    Note the crew in the background that was swamped by another wave a minute earlier (photo by T. Ike).
    In the 2018 race, we also caught a wave at the last minute to go by the boat in the next lane...unfortunately, another boat had already finished, so we got 2nd place :-(

    Greg catches a small wave as he
    cruises past Koko Crater in his
    one-man canoe during a race
    around Makapu`u to Hawaii Kai.
    Photo courtesy of Pacific Paddler Magazine.

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    Page last modified on: 23 March 2020