MET 601: Atmospheric Dynamics II
Instructor: Bin Wang, MSB 407
Objectives | Outline | References | Grading
Met 601 is the second part of a two-semester course series (MET 600 and MET 601) on Advanced Atmospheric Dynamics. The objectives of Met 600 and Met 601 are to provide a theoretical background in geophysical fluid dynamics and dynamic meteorology, to develop students' ability to quantitatively analyze atmospheric motion and understand the physics, and discuss current issues in tropical dynamics.
Part I Wave Theory (review)
- Equations for atmospheric motion and simplifications
- Poincare wave and Kelvin wave: Effects of side boundary
- Barotropic Rossby wave packet
- Energy propagation and reflection of Rossby wave packet
- Equatorial waves 1: General dispersion relation and equatorial Kelvin wave
- Equatorial waves 2: Equatorial Rossby, inertial-gravity, and mixed Rossby-gravity waves
Part II Large-Scale Instability Theory
- The problem of quasi-geostrophic instability
- Necessary condition for the instability
- Baroclinic instability (1): Eady model
- Baroclinic instability (2): Charney model
- Barotropic instability
- Moist baroclinic instability
- Weakly nonlinear theory
Part III Dynamics in the Tropics
- Scale analysis
- Cumulus parameterization
- Conditionally instability of the second kind
- Vertically propagating equatorial waves
- Quasi-biennial Oscillation
- Steady forced motion
Part IV Some Topics in Climate Dynamics
- Rossby wave train and teleconnection
- Theory on Madden-Julian Oscillation
- Stable and unstable air-sea interaction
- Theory of ENSO cycle
- Gill, A. E.: Atmosphere-Ocean Dynamics. Academic Press, 1982.
- Pedlosky, J.: Geophysical Fluid Dynamics. Spring-Verlag, 1987.
- Holton, J. R.: An Introduction to Dynamic Meteorology, 1979.
- Lindzen, R. S.: Dynamics in Atmospheric Physics, Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Homework - 50%
Mid Term - 20%
Term Paper/Final Exam - 30%