Monte Carlo Radiative Transfer Models

AO3D – Atmosphere and Ocean 3-D Monte Carlo Code

AO3D is a tool that allows us to calculate radiances, transmittances, and fluxes for physical problems of complex geometry, which don't in general allow for analytic solutions.  We have used it to model sky radiances at the surface and the top-of-atmosphere over land and ocean, atmospheric transmission, and optical instruments.

Downwelling photon density, flat sea  

Description of the Physical System to be Modeled 


Operation of the Code

Testing of the Code

Preliminary Results


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