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Notes on “Marine viruses and their biogeochemical and ecological effects” by Furhman (1999)

“There are three basic types of virus reproduction. (1) Lytic infection: the virus attaches to a host cell and injects its nucleic acid into the cell, directing the host to produce numerous progeny viruses; these are released by fatal bursting of the cell, allowing the cycle to begin again. (2) Chronic infection: the progeny virus release is non-lethal and the host cell releases them by extrusion or budding over several generations. (3) Lysogeny: the nucleic acid of the viral genome becomes part of the genome of the host cell, and reproduces as genetic material (called a prophage or provirus) in the host cell line. In this case, an induction event, such as stress to the host, can trigger a switch to lytic infection.”

The model they use is also a steady-state model similar to that described by Wilhelm and Suttle (1999).