Richard E. Young

Emeritus Professor of Oceanography

Aloha!

     
My interests at present are in the evolution, systematics and functional morphology of cephalopods, and the roles cephalopods play in present and past oceanic communities. In the photo I am holding the commercially important North Pacific squid, Ommastrephes bartramii. The ecology of this squid is also one of my present research interests.

Past work on cephalopods dealt with, among other things, bioluminescence, larval ecology and the ecology of midwater animals. My most recent work on the latter was in connection with the Mesopelagic Boundary Region.

My research combines both field and laboratory studies with the former done mostly from ocean-going ships. My research has been both in the areas of experimental and descriptive biology.

I retired at the end of 2001 but I plan to continue doing cephalopod research under emeritus status at U.H. for many years to come.

Address:

Department of Oceanography
University of Hawaii
1000 Pope Road
Honolulu, Hawaii 96822

Birthdate:

August 20, 1938

Education:

Pomona College, B.A., 1960
University of Southern California, M.S., 1964
University of Miami, Institute of Marine Sciences, Ph.D., 1968

Employment:

Visiting Assistant Professor of Zoology, Ohio Wesleyan University, September, 1968-June, 1969
Associate Professor of Oceanography, University of Hawaii, 1973-83
Professor of Oceanography, University of Hawaii, 1983 - Present

I can be contacted at this email address: ryoung@hawaii.edu


For more information on cephalopods, see the web pages at: http://tolweb.org/tree?group=Cephalopoda&contgroup=Mollusca


Recent Publications




1998	Young, R. E. and R. Harman. The phylogeny of the "enoploteuthid" 

		families. Smithson. Contr. Zool., No. 586: 257-270.



1998	Young, R. E., L. Burgess, C. F. E. Roper, M. Sweeney and S. 

		Stephen. Classification of the Enoploteuthidae, 

		Pyroteuthidae and Ancistrocheiridae. Smithsonian Contr. 

		Zool., No. 586:239-256.



1998	Mangold, K. M. and R. E. Young. The systematic value of the 

		digestive organs. Smithson. Contr. Zool., No. 586: 21-30.



1998	Clarke, M. and R. Young. Description and analysis of cephalopod 

		beaks from stomachs of six species of odontocete cetaceans 

		stranded on Hawaiian shores. J. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K., 78: 623-641.



1998	Young, R. E. and J. Hirota. Review of the ecology of Sthenoteuthis

		oualaniensis near the Hawaiian Archipelago. In: Okutani T (ed.) 

		Contributed papers to international symposium on large pelagic squids. 

		Japan Marine Fishery Resources Research Center, Tokyo, p 131-143



1998	Young, R., M. Vecchione and D. Donovan. The evolution of coleoid 

		cephalopods and their present biodiversity and ecology. S. African 

		Jour. Mar. Sci., In press.



1998	Vecchione, M. and R. E. Young. A newly discovered family of oceanic

		squids (Cephalopoda; Oegopsida). S. African Jour. Mar. Sci., In press.



1999	Bower, J. R., M. P. Seki, R. E. Young, K. A. Bigelow, J. Hirota and P. 

		Flament. Cephalopod paralarvae assemblages in Hawaiian waters. Mar.

 		Ecol. Prog. Ser., 185: 203-212.



1999	Vecchione, M., R. E. Young, D. T. Donovan and P. G. Rodhouse. Reevaluation

 		of coleoid cephalopod relationships based on modified arms in the Jurassic

 		coleoid Mastigophora. Lethaia, 32: 113-118.



1999	Young, R. E. and M. Vecchione. 1999. Morphological observations on a 

		hatchling and a paralarva of the vampire squid, Vampyroteuthis infernalis

 		Chun. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 112: 661-666.



2000 	Vecchione, M., M.F. Mickevich, K. Faichald, B.B. Collette, A.B. Williams, 

		T.A. Munroe, and R.E. Young. The importance of assessing taxonomic

		adequacy to determine fishing effects on marine biodiversity.  ICES Journal

		of Marine Science, 57: 677-681.



2000 	Vecchione, M., R.E. Young and D. Carlini.  Reconstruction of ancestral 

		character states in neocoloeoid cephalopods based on parsimony.  

		Am. Malac. Bull.



2001 	Carlini, D. B., R. E. Young, and M. Vecchione. A molecular phylogeny 

		of the Octopoda (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) evaluated in light of

		morphological evidence. Mol. Phylogeny and Evol. In Press.


2001 Vecchione, M., R. E. Young, A. Guerra, D. J. Lindsay, D. A. Clague, J. M. Bernhard, W. W. Sager, A. F. Gonzalez, F. J. Rocha, and M. Segonzac Worldwide Observations of Remarkable Deep-Sea Squids. Science 2001 December 21; 294: 2505-2506.
2002 Young, R.E. and M. Vecchione. Evolution of the gills in the Octopodiformes. Bull. Mar. Sci. . 71: 1003-1018.
2005 Young, R. E. and M. Vecchione. 2005. Narrowteuthis nesisi, a new genus and new species of the squid family Neoteuthidae (Mollusca; Cephalopoda). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 118 (3): 566-569.
2006 Young, R. E., M. Vecchione, U. Piatkowski. Promachoteuthis sloani, a new species of the squid family Promachoteuthidae (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 119 (2): 287-292.
2006 Young, R. E., M. Vecchione, U. Piatkowski and C. F. E. Roper.  A redescription of Planctoteuthis levimana (Lönnberg, 1896) (Mollusca; Cephalopoda), with a brief review of the genus. 2006. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 119(4): 586-591.
2006 Vecchione, M., and R. E. Young. The squid family Magnapinnidae (Mollusca: Cephalopoda) in the Atlantic Ocean, with a description of a new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 119 (3): 365-372.
2007 Young, R. E., M. Vecchione and C.F.E. Roper. A new genus and three new species of decapodiform cephalopods (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Rev. Fish. Biol. Fisheries, 17: 353-365.
2008 Vecchione, M., Young, R. E. and M. J. Sweeney. Classification of living forms. Treatise on Inverebrate Paleontology. Part M. Cephalopoda; Coleoidea; Neocoleoidea. In press.
2008 Young, R. E., A. Lindgren and M. Vecchione. A new species of the squid family Mastigoteuthidae (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. Wash. In Press.
2008 Vecchione, M., Young, R. E., and U. Piatkowski. Biogeography of cephalopods of the northern mid-Atlantic Ridge. Marine Biology Research, in press.
1996-2008 Cephalopoda. Over 700 Tree of Life web pages with various co-authors. http://tolweb.org/Cephalopoda/19386