7fcde7 square The Department of Oceanography at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, SOEST
Barry Huebert

Emeritus Professor

Department of Oceanography, 
University of Hawai`i at Manoa, 
1000 Pope Road, 
Marine Sciences Building, 
Honolulu, HI 96822

Phone: (808) 258-4673
Fax: (808) 956-9165

E-mail: huebert@hawaii.edu



  • BA 1967 - Occidental College - Chemistry
  • MS 1968 - Northwestern University - Physical Chemistry
  • Ph.D 1970 - Northwestern University - Physical Chemistry

Research Interests

  • Air-sea Exchange of Trace Gases, especially DMS (SOLA)
  • Marine Aerosol Production, Growth, and Cloud Interactions (PASE, VOCALS)
  • Climatic Impact of Organic and Elemental Carbon Aerosols (MLO)
  • Radiative Properties of Biomass Burning Smoke Particles (BASE-ASIA)
  • Airborne Aerosol Sampling Technologies (PELTI)

Community Activities

  • Int’l. SOLAS SSC and Executive Committee, 2002 – present
  • US SOLAS SSC, 2005 - present
  • VOCALS SSG, 2005 – present
  • Associate Editor of Tellus, 1997-presen
  • Keynote Speaker, Joint IGAC/CACGP/WMO Symposium on Atmospheric Chemistry at Interfaces, Capetown, SA, 2006.
  • IGAC SSC, 1991-98; IGAC-MAGE Convenor, 1989-2002
  • NAS/NRC Panel on Aerosol Radiative Forcing of Climate, 1993-95
  • CACGP, 1990-98
  • ACE-Asia Lead Scientist

Teaching Activites

  • OCN 201 - Science of the Sea
  • OCN 623 - Chemical Oceanography
  • OCN 643 - Chemistry of the Marine Atmosphere

Selected Publications

  • Simpson, R. M. C., S. G. Howell, B. W. Blomquist, A. D. Clarke, and B. J. Huebert (2014), Dimethyl sulfide: Less important than long-range transport as a source of sulfate to the remote tropical Pacific marine boundary layer, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119, doi:10.1002/2014JD021643.
  • Chin, M., et al. (2014), Multi-decadal aerosol variations from 1980 to 2009: a perspective from observations and a global model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14(7), 3657-3690, doi:10.5194/acp-14-3657-2014.
  • Blomquist, B., B. Huebert, C. Fairall, L. Bariteau, J. Edson, J. Hare, and W. McGillils (2014), Advances in Air-Sea CO2 Flux Measurement by Eddy Correlation, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, online, doi:10.1007/s10546-014-9926-2.
  • Tsay, S., et al. (2013), From BASE-ASIA toward 7-SEAS: A satellite-surface perspective of boreal spring biomass-burning aerosols and clouds in Southeast Asia, Atmospheric Environment. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.12.013
  • Li, C., et al. (2012), Observation, Modeling and Impact Studies of Biomass Burning and Pollution in the SE Asian Environment, Atmos. Environ., ATMENV-D-11-01788.
  • Blomquist, B. W., C. W. Fairall, B. J. Huebert, and S. T. Wilson (2012), Direct measurement of the oceanic carbon monoxide flux by eddy correlation, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 5 (www.atmos-meas-tech.net/5/3069/2012/), 3069-3075, doi:doi: 10.5194/amt-5-3069-2012.
  • Yang, M., B. Huebert, B. Blomquist, S. Howell, L. Shank, C. McNaughton, V. Kapustin, A. Clarke, L. Hawkins, L. Russell, D. Covert, J. Johnson, T. Bates, P. Quinn, N. Zagorac, A. Bandy, S. deSzoeke, P. Zuidema, S. A. Tucker, and W. Brewer (2011), Atmospheric Sulfur Cycling in the Southeast Pacific –Longitudinal Distribution, Diel Variability, and New Particle Formation Observed from VOCALS-REx, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 5079-5097 doi:5010.5194/acp-5011-5079-2011
  • Fairall, C. W., M. Yang, L. Bariteau, J. B. Edson, D. Helmig, W. McGillis, S. Pezoa, J. E. Hare, B. Huebert, and B. Blomquist (2011), Implementation of the COARE flux algorithm with CO2, DMS, and O3, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 116, C00F09, doi:10.1029/2010JC006884.
  • Wood, R., C. R. Mechoso, C. S. Bretherton, H. B. J. Huebert, and e. al. (2011), The VAMOS Ocean-Cloud-Atmosphere-Land Study Regional Experiment (VOCALS-REx): goals, platforms, and field operations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 627-654 DOI: 610.5194/acp-5111-5627-2011.
  • Salter, M., R. C. Upstill-Goddard, P. D. Nightingale, B. J. Huebert, M. X. Yang, B. W. Blomquist, D. T. Ho, and P. Schlosser (2011), Impact of an artificial surfactant release on air-sea gas fluxes during Deep Ocean Gas Exchange Experiment II, J Geophys Res - Oceans, 116, C11016, DOI: 11010.11029/12011JC007023
  • Yang, M., B. W. Blomquist, C. W. Fairall, S. D. Archer, and B. J. Huebert (2010), Air-sea Exchange of Dimethylsulfide (DMS) in the Southern Ocean – Measurements from SO GasEx Compared to Temperate and Tropical Regions, JGR, 116 (C4), DOI: 10.1029/2010JC006526
  • Huebert, B. J., B. W. Blomquist, M. X. Yang, S. D. Archer, P. D. Nightingale, M. J. Yelland, J. Stephens, R. W. Pascal, and B. I. Moat (2010), Linearity of DMS Transfer Coefficient with Both Friction Velocity and Wind Speed in the Moderate Wind Speed Range, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L01605.
  • Blomquist, B. W., B. J. Huebert, C. W. Fairall, and I. Faloona (2010), Determining the sea-air flux of dimethylsulfide by eddy correlation using mass spectrometry, Atmos. Meas. Tech. 3, 1-20.
  • Yang, M. X., B. W. Blomquist, and B. J. Huebert (2009), Constraining the Concentration of the Hydroxyl Radical in a Stratocumulus-topped Marine Boundary layer from Sea-to-air Eddy Covariance Flux Measurements of Dimethylsulfide, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 9225-9236.
  • Yang, M., S. Howell, J. Zhuang, and B. Huebert (2009), Attribution of Aerosol Light Absorption to Black Carbon, Brown Carbon, and Dust in China – Interpretations of Atmospheric Measurements during EAST-AIRE, Atmos. Chemistry and Physics, 9, 2035-2050.
  • Saito, T., K. Kawamura, U. Tsunogai, T.-Y. Chen, H. Matzueda, T. Nakatsuka, T. Gamo, M. Uematsu, and B. J. Huebert (2009), Photochemical histories of non-methane hydrocarbons inferred from their stable carbon isotope ratio measurements over East Asia, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D11303.
  • Brooks, I. M., M. J. Yelland, R. C. Upstill-Goddard, P. D. Nightingale, S. Archer, E. d’Asaro, R. Beale, C. Beatty, B. Blomquist, A. A. Bloom, B. J. Brooks, J. Cluderay, D. Coles, J. Dacey, M. DeGrandpre, J. Dixon, W. M. Drennan, J. Gabriele, L. Goldson, N. Hardman-Mountford, M. K. Hill, M. Horn, P.-C. Hsueh, B. Huebert, G. d. Leeuw, T. G. Leighton, M. Liddicoat, J. J. N. Lingard, C. McNeil, J. B. McQuaid, B. I. Moat, G. Moore, C. Neil, S. J. Norris, S. O’Doherty, R. W. Pascal, J. Prytherch, M. Rebozo, E. Sahlee, M. Salter, U. Schuster, I. Skjelvan, H. Slagter, M. H. Smith, P. D. Smith, M. Srokosz, J. A. Stephens, P. K. Taylor, M. Telszewski, R. Walsh, B. Ward, D. K. Woolf, D. Young, and H. Zemmelink (2009), Physical Exchanges at the Air–SeSea Interface: UK–SOLAS Field Measurements, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 629-644.
  • Bailey, K. E., D. A. Toole, B. Blomquist, R. G. Najjar, B. Huebert, D. J. Kieber, R. P. Kiene, R. Matrai, G. R. Westby, and D. A. del Valle (2008), Dimethylsulfide production in Sargasso Sea eddies, Deep-Sea Res Pt Ii, 55, 1491-1504.
  • Hammes, K., M. W. I. Schmidt, R. J. Smernik, L. A. C. (Ret.), W. P. Ball, T. H. Nguyen, P. Louchouarn, S. Houel, O. r. Gustafsson, M. Elmquist, G. Cornelissen, J. O. Skjemstad, C. A. Masiello, J. Song, P. a. Peng, S. Mitra, J. C. Dunn, P. G. Hatcher, W. C. Hockaday, D. M. Smith, C. Hartkopf-Fröder, A. Böhmer, B. Lüer, B. J. Huebert, W. Amelung, S. Brodowski, L. Huang, W. Zhang, P. M. Gschwend, D. X. Flores-Cervantes, C. Largeau, J.-N. l. Rouzaud, C. Rumpel, G. Guggenberger, K. Kaiser, A. Rodionov, F. J. Gonzalez-Vila, J. A. Gonzalez-Perez, J. M. d. l. Rosa, D. A. C. Manning, E. López-Capél, and L. Ding (2007), Comparison of quantification methods to measure fire-derived (black/elemental) carbon in soils and sediments using reference materials from soil, water, sediment and the atmosphere, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 21, doi:10.1029/2006GB002914.
  • Arimoto, R., Y. J. Kim, Y. P. Kim, P. K. Quinn, T. S. Bates, T. L. Anderson, S. Gong, I. Uno, M. Chin, B. J. Huebert, A. D. Clarke, Y. Shinozuka, R. J. Weber, J. R. Anderson, S. A. Guazzotti, R. C. Sullivan, D. A. Soderman, K. A. Prather, and I. Sokolik. Characterization of Asian dust during ACE-Asia. Global and Planetary Change, 52, 23-56, 2006.
  • Bailey, K. E., D. A. Toole, B. Blomquist, R. G. Najjar, B. J. Huebert, D. J. Kieber, R. Kiene, P. Matrai, G. Westby, and D. A. delValle, 2006: Estimation of dimethylsulfide production in Sargasso Sea eddies. Deep Sea Research, In press.
  • Blomquist, B.W., C.W. Fairall, B.J. Huebert, D.J. Kieber, and G.R. Westby, DMS sea-air transfer velocity: Direct measurements by eddy covariance and parameterization based on the NOAA/COARE gas transfer model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32, doi 10.1029/2006GL025735, 2006.
  • Huebert, B.J., B.W. Blomquist, J.E. Hare, C.W. Fairall, J.E. Johnson, and T.S. Bates, Measurement of the sea-air DMS flux and transfer velocity using eddy correlation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, doi: 10.1029/2004GL021567, 2004.
  • Huebert, B.J., T. Bates, P.B. Russell, G.Y. Shi, Y.J. Kim, K. Kawamura, G. Carmichael, and T. Nakajima, An overview of ACE-Asia: Strategies for quantifying the relationships between Asian aerosols and their climatic impacts, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 108 (D23), 10.1029/2003JD003550, 2003.
  • Huebert, B., T. Bertram, J. Kline, S. Howell, D. Eatough, and B. Blomquist, Measurements of organic and elemental carbon in Asian outflow during ACE-Asia from the NSF/NCAR C-130, Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 109 (D19), doi: 10.1029/2004jd004700, 2004.
  • Heald, C.L., D.J. Jacob, R.J. Park, L.M. Russell, B.J. Huebert, J.H. Seinfeld, H. Liao, and R.J. Weber, A large organic aerosol source in the free troposphere missing from current models, Geophys. Res. Lett., 32 (doi:10.1029/2005GL023831), L18809, 2005.
  • Huebert, B.J., S.G. Howell, D. Covert, T. Bertram, A. Clarke, J.R. Anderson, B.G. Lafleur, W.R. Seebaugh, J.C. Wilson, D. Gesler, B. Blomquist, and J. Fox, PELTI: Measuring the passing efficiency of an airborne low turbulence aerosol inlet, Aerosol Science and Technology, 38 (8), 803-826, 2004.
  • Carrillo, J.H., M.G. Hastings, D.M. Sigman, and B.J. Huebert, Atmospheric deposition of inorganic and organic nitrogen and base cations in Hawaii, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16, 1076, doi: 10.1029/2002GB001892, 2002.
  • Chadwick, O.A., L.A. Derry, P.M. Vitousek, B.J. Huebert, and L.O. Hedin (1999) Changing sources of nutrients during four million years of ecosystem development. Nature, 397 491-497.
  • Huebert, B.J., C.A. Phillips, L. Zhuang, E. Kjellstrom, H. Rodhe, J. Feichter, and C. Land, Long-term measurements of free-tropospheric sulfate at Mauna Loa: comparison with model simulations, J. Geophys. Res . 106 (D6), 5479-5492, 2001.
  • Huebert, B.J., and R.J. Charlson, Uncertainties in data on organic aerosols, Tellus, 52B (5), 1249-1255, 2000.
  • Huebert, B., P. Vitousek, J. Sutton, T. Elias, J. Heath, S. Coeppicus, S. Howell, and B. Blomquist, Volcano fixes nitrogen into plant-available forms, Biogeochem., 47, 111-118, 1999.
  • Huebert, B.J., D.J. Wylie, L. Zhuang, and J.A. Heath, Production and loss of methanesulfonate and non-sea salt sulfate in the equatorial Pacific marine boundary layer, Geophysical Research Letters, 23 (7), 737-740, 1996.
  • Huebert, B.J., and C.H. Robert, The dry deposition of nitric acid to grass, Journal of Geophysical Research, 90 (D1), 2085-90, 1985.

Research Funding

  • Title: Elucidation of atmospheric nitrogen and phosphorous pathways to the Hawaiian Islands. Agency: Mellon Fndn. PIs: Huebert, Benitez-Nelson, Blomquist. Amount: $600,000. Period: 1/00- 12/03.
  • Title: Measurements of aerosol chemical composition vs size from the NCAR C-130 in ACE-Asia. Agency: NSF- ATM. PIs: Huebert, Blomquist, Howell. Amount: $463,505 +$91,946 supp. Period: 12/00- 11/03.
  • Title: Collaborative research: Integrated studies of morphological, chemical, optical, and radiative properties of multi-component aerosol containing mineral dust in the ACE-Asia region. Agency: NSF- ATM. PIs: Huebert. Amount: $116,087. Period: 1/01- 12/02.
  • Title: Tropospheric aerosols at MLO. Agency: NSF- ATM. PIs: Huebert & Blomquist. Amount: $59,973. Period: 1/01- 12/02.
  • Title: Direct measurement of the DMS sea-air flux and exchange coefficient. Agency: NSF-ATM & OCE. PIs: Huebert & Blomquist. Amount: $403,794. Period: 3/03 - 2/05.
  • Title: Optical, chemical, and physical properties of brown and black carbon aerosols in Southeast Asian smoke plumes. Agency: NASA-OES. PI: Huebert. Amount: $420,000. Period: 02/04 – 01/07
  • Title: A comparison of aerosol organic carbon measurements and models in the free troposphere at MLO. Agency: NSF-ATM. PI: Huebert. Amount: $699,440. Period: 12/04 – 11/09.
  • Title: Measurement of DMS air-sea exchange by eddy covariance. Agency: NSF-ATM. PIs: Blomquist and Huebert. Amount: $673,319. Period: 10/05 – 09/09.