7fcde7 square The Department of Oceanography at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, SOEST

Biological Oceanography Division

photo The Division of Biological Oceanography offers a broadrange of exciting research opportunities in diverse marine habitats and ecosystems around the globe, from tropical to polar oceans and from the air-sea interface to the deep-ocean floor. Upper water-column programs include studies of primary productivity and bio-optics, color satellite imagery, plant pigments as tracers of biogeochemical processes, microbial food-web interactions, phytoplankton and zooplankton community structure, and the roles of biota in vertical transport andremineralization of particulate and dissolved organic matter. Mid-water column studies focus on the community ecology and dynamics ofmeso-pelagic shrimp, squid and small fishes unique to oceanic island systems. Benthic research programs involve coral reef ecology and evolution, effects of environmental disturbances on deep-sea community dynamics and recruitment, chemical cycling, burial, and bioturbation in the sediments, and the microbial ecology of tube-building animals and bioturbation in the sediments, and the microbial ecology of tube-building animals and hydrothermal vent systems. Both water-column and benthic investigators are actively involved in high-profile Global Change programs in the Pacific - including coastal margin, open ocean, and equatorial upwelling studies.

Divisional programs emphasize basic research, but many are relevant to applied problems and societal concerns such as the fate of "green-house" gases, ecological impacts of ozone depletion and deep-seamining, mechanisms of pollutant transport and cycling, and fisheries recruitment. The interdisciplinary nature of these and other problems fosters strong collaborative interactions between Division biologists and geochemists and physicists in the Department and at other institutions.

Division Members

  • Alegado, Rosie, PhD (Stanford University), Assistant Researcher, Dept. of Oceanography. Marine microbial ecology, choanoflagellate-bacterial interactions, influence of bacteria on animal evolution.
  • Church, Matthew J., PhD (The College of William and Mary), Assistant Professor, Dept. of Oceanography. Microbial oceanography, biogeochemistry, plankton biomass and production, ocean ecosystem dynamics.
  • Drazen, Jeffrey C., PhD (University of California at San Diego, Scripps Inst. of Oceanography), Associate Professor, Dept. of Oceanography. Physiological ecology of deep-sea fishes, energetic strategies, trophodynamics, deep sea fisheries.
  • Edwards, Kyle PhD (University of California Davis), Assistant Professor, Dept. of Oceanography. Phytoplankton ecology, community ecology, ecological theory and statistics, benthic communities.
  • Goetze, Erica, PhD (University of California at San Diego, Scripps Inst. of Oceanography), Associate Professor, Dept. of Oceanography. Evolutionary ecology of marine zooplankton, dispersal and gene flow in marine plankton populations, small-scale behavioral ecology of marine copepods.
  • Karl, David M., PhD (University of California, San Diego, Scripps Institution of Oceanography), Professor, Dept. of Oceanography. Microbiological oceanography, ocean productivity, biogeochemical fluxes.
  • Kemp, Paul F., PhD (Oregon State University), Specialist, Dept. of Oceanography. Marine microbial ecology, growth and activity of marine microbes in water column and sediment, biosensor development.
  • McMurtry, Gary, PhD (University of Hawaii at Manoa), Associate Professor. Geochemistry of marine deposits, seafloor venting processes, chemical volcanology, stable and radioisotope geochemistry, geochronology, in situ instrumentation development.
  • Nelson, Craig, PhD (UC Santa Barbara), Assistant Researcher, Dept. of Oceanography.  Structure and function of natural bacterial communities in aquatic habitats such as coral reefs, lakes, streams, and the open ocean.
  • Neuheimer, Anna, PhD (Dalhousie University), Assistant Professor, Dept. of Oceanography. Quantitative marine ecology of fish and invertebrates; biological modeling of individuals, populations & ecosystems; fisheries oceanography.
  • Selph, Karen, PhD (University of Hawaii at Manoa), Associate Specialist. Biological oceanography, microbial ecology, protistan grazer feeding dynamics, phytoplankton distributions, use of flow cytometry in ecological research.
  • Smith, Craig R., PhD (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD), Professor, Dept. of Oceanography. Benthic ecology, deep sea biology, sediment biogeochemistry, climate change effects on Antarctic ecosystems, marine conservation.
  • Steward, Grieg F. , PhD (Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD), Associate Professor, Dept. of Oceanography. Marine microbial ecology, molecular ecology of viruses and bacteria, microbial contributions to biogeochemical cycles.
  • Young, Richard E. , PhD (University of Miami, Institute of Marine Sciences), Emeritus Professor, Dept. of Oceanography. Evolution, systematics and functional morphology of cephalopods, and the roles cephalopods play in present and past oceanic communities.

Post-doctoral Researchers

  • Hanson, Kate
  • Iacchei, Matt
  • Nigro, Olivia
  • Nunnally, Clifton, C., PhD (Oceanography-Texas A&M University), Deep-Sea Fish Ecology Laboratory. Benthic ecology, biogeochemistry, hadal ecosystems, sediment and animal respiration, benthic-pelagic coupling and trophodynamic carbon cycling.
  • Sackett, Dana

Active Research Projects

  • “Assessment of the impacts of mesoscale oceanographic features on the forage base for oceanic predators.” Pelagic Fisheries Research Program (J. C. Drazen and R. Domokos)
  • “Bentho-pelagic coupling on the West Antarctic Peninsula shelf: the impact and fate of bloom material at the seafloor.” NSF-DPP (Craig R. Smith)
  • “Biocomplexity: Collaborative Research: Oceanic N2 Fixation and Global Climate.” NSF (D. M. Karl; A. F. Michaels and D. Capone, USC, lead P.I.s)
  • “Collaborative research: Radiometric dating of whale bones a tool for study of succession and persistence of whale fall chemoautotrophic assemblages.” NSF-OCE (Craig R. Smith)
  • “Continuing assessment of the impact of invading mangroves on Hawaiian coastal ecosystems.” Hawaii Sea Grant College Program. (Craig R. Smith)
  • “Controls on carbon isotopic fractionation in Emiliania huxleyi.” NSF (E.A. Laws, R.R. Bidigare and B. Popp)
  • “Controls on the Variability of Phytoplankton Biomass and Productivity in the North Pacific Central Gyre.” NASA (R.R. Bidigare).
  • “Coupled Intensification of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Cycles in the Subtropical North Pacific Ocean.” NSF (D. M. Karl)
  • “Eco-DAS: Ecological Dissertations in the Aquatic Sciences series.” NSF (Paul F. Kemp)
  • “The Ecology of Mercury in Top Predators and Their Prey from Pelagic Ecosystems Surrounding Hawaii.” Sea Grant.  (J. C. Drazen)
  • “Evaluating the Effectiveness of Restricted Fishing Areas for Improving the Bottomfish Fishery in the Main Hawaiian Islands.” State of Hawaii, Department of Aquatic Resources and NOAA (J. C. Drazen)
  • “Exploration of the Northwestern Hawaiian Island's deep-sea fauna and habitats using baited cameras.” NOAA – Papahaumokuakea Marine National Monument (J. C. Drazen)
  • “An investigation of patterns of deep-sea demersal fish metabolism and feeding rates.” NSF (J. C. Drazen)
  • “LTER: An Ice-dominated Environment.” NSF (D. Karl; R. Smith, UCSB, lead P.I.)
  • “Marine Bioproducts Engineering Center.” NSF (E.A. Laws and R.R. Bidigare).
  • “Southern Ocean Iron Experiment (SOFeX): Mesoscale Iron Fertilization Effects on Plankton Community Structure, Phytoplankton Growth and Zooplankton Grazing.” NSF (M.R. Landry and R.R. Bidigare)
  • “Special Creativity Extension: The Hawaii Ocean Time-series Program: JGOFS Component.” NSF (D. M. Karl, R. R. Bidigare, J. E. Dore and M. R. Landry)
  • “Succession and seep affinities of large-whale, kelp, and wood fall communities on the California slope.” NOAA-NURC Alaska (Craig R. Smith)

 

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