Below is a listing of scientific papers that have relevance to this cruise.

Anderson, R.N., Heat flow in the Mariana marginal basin, J. Geophys. Res., 80, 4043-4048, 1975.

Baker, N., Fryer, P., and, Martinez F., Spreading History of the Northern Mariana Backarc Basin, SeaMARC II and morphology studies, submitted to J. Geophys Res.

Barone, A.M., P.F. Lonsdale and D. Puteanus, Formation of axial volcanic ridges of the Mariana slow spreading center from spatial magma sources, EOS Trans. AGU 71: 1637-1638, 1990.

Beal, K. L, The opening of a backarc basin: Northern Mariana Trough, M.S. Thesis, University of Hawaii, pp 56, 1987.

Bloomer, S. H. and J. W. Hawkins, Petrology and geochemistry of boninite series volcanic rocks from the Mariana trench, Cont. Min. Pet., 97, 361-377, 1987.

Bloomer, S. H., R. J. Stern, E. Fisk, and C. H. Geshwind, Shoshonitic volcanism in the northern Mariana Arc 1. Mineralogic and major and trace element characteristics, J. Geophys. Res., 94 (B4) 4469-4496, 1989a.

Bloomer, S. H., Stern, J. R., and Smoot, N. C., Physical volcanology of the submarine Mariana and Volcano Arcs, Bull. Volcanology, 51, 210-224, 1989b.

Bloomer, S. H., and J. W. Hawkins, Gabbroic and ultramafic rocks from the Mariana trench: An island arc ophiolite, in The Tectonic and Geologic Evolution of Southeast Asian Seas and Islands: Part II, Geophys. Monogr. Ser., 27, (D.E. Hayes, ed.), 294-317, AGU Washington DC, 1983

Bloomer, S. H., B. Taylor, C. J. McLeod, R.J. Stern, P. Fryer, J. W. Hawkins, L. Johnson, Early arc volcanism and the ophiolite problem: A perspective from drilling in the western Pacific, in Active Margins and Marginal Basins of the Western Pacific (B. Taylor and J. Natland Eds.), AGU Monograph Series, 88, 1--30, 1995.

Bracey, D.R., Ogden, T.A, Southern Mariana arc geophysical observations and hypothesis of evolution, Bull. Geol. Soc. Am., 83, 1509-1522, 1972.

Bibee, L. D., G. G., Shor Jr. and R. S. Lu, Inter-arc spreading in the Mariana Trough, Mar. Geol, 35, 183-197, 1980.

Campbell, A. C., J. M. Edmond, D. Colodner, M. R. Palmer, and K.K. Falkner, Chemistry of hydrothermal fluids from the Mariana Trough backarc basin in comparison to mid-ocean ridge fluids, EOS Trans. AGU, 68 (44), 1531, 1987.

Craig, H., Y. Horibe, and K. A. Farley, Hydrothermal vents in the Mariana Trough: Results of the first Alvin dives, EOS Trans. AGU, 68 (44), 1531, 1987.

Dadey, K. A. and M. Leinen, Anomalous porosity in Mariana mounds sedimennts, EOS Trans. AGU, 68 (44), 1534, 1987.

Dixon, T. H. and Stern, R. J., Petrology, chemistry and isotopic composition of submarine volcanoes in the southern Mariana arc, Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., 94, 1159-1172, 1983.

Dixon, T. H. and Batiza, R, Petrology and chemistry of recent volcanics in the northern Marianas, Contrib. Min. Pet., 70, 167-181, 1979.

Eguchi, T., Seismotectonics around the Mariana Trough, Tectonophysics 102, 33-5, 1984.

Fryer, P., Petrogenesis of basaltic rocks from the Mariana Trough, PhD Thesis, University of Hawaii, 157 pp., 1981.

Fryer, P., Tectonics of the Bonin/Mariana arc intersection and effects on alkaline magmatism of the volcano islands, EOS,Trans. AGU, 67(44), 1277, 1986.

Fryer, P., Tectonic evolution of the Mariana backarc basin, Abstracts volume 1 of 3, 28th International Geological Congress, Washington, D. C. USA, July 9-19, 1989, p. 1-51, 1989.

Fryer, P., Recent marine geological research in the Mariana and Izu-Bonin island arcs, Pacific Science, 44(2), 59-114, 1990.

Fryer, P., The relationship between tectonic deformation, volcanism, and fluid venting in the southeastern Mariana convergent margin, Proc. JAMSTEC Symp. Deep Sea Res., 9, 161-179, 1993.

Fryer, P., Geology of the Mariana Trough, Backarc Basins; Tectonics and Magmatism (Brian Taylor, Ed.), Plenum Press, New York., 237-279, 1995.

Fryer, P., Tectonic evolution of the Mariana convergent margin, Rev. of Geophysics, 34(1), 89-125, 1996.

Fryer, P., An actively venting serpentine seamount on the southeastern Mariana forearc: Shinkai 6500 dives 280 and 281, JAMSTEC Journal of Deep Sea Research, 12, 247-256, 1996.

Fryer, P. and D. M. Hussong, Seafloor spreading in the Mariana Trough: results of Leg 60 drill site selection surveys, in Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Vol.60, (D.M. Hussong and S. Uyeda, eds.), U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C., 45-55, 1981.

Fryer, P., and N. C. Smoot, Processes of seamount subduction in the Mariana and Izu-Bonin trenches, Marine Geology, 64, 77-90, 1985.

Fryer, P., and D. M. Hussong, SeaMARC II studies of subducting seamounts, in Formation of Active Ocean Margins, edited by N. Nasu et al., Terra Sci. Pub. Co. (TERRAPUBS), Tokyo, 291-306, 1985.

Fryer, P. and G. J. Fryer, Origins of non-volcanic seamounts in forearc environments, in "Seamount Islands and Atolls" (Keating et al. eds.), AGU Monograph Series 43, 61-69, 1987.

Fryer, P. and D. M. Hussong, Arc volcanism in the Mariana Trough, EOS, Trans AGU, 63, 1135, 1982.

Fryer, P. and M. J. Mottl, Shinkai 6500 investigations of a resurgent mud volcano on the southeastern Mariana forearc, Research, JAMSTEC Deep Sea Res., 13, 103-114, 1997.

Fryer, P., E. L. Ambos, and D. M. Hussong, Origin and emplacement of Mariana Forearc seamounts, Geology, 13, 774-777, 1985.

Fryer, P., J. M. Sinton and J. A. Philpotts, Basaltic glasses from the Mariana Trough, in Initial Reports of the Deep-Sea Drilling Project, Vol 60 (D.M. Hussong and S. Uyeda, eds.), U.S. Govt. Printing Off., Washington D.C., 601-607, 1981.

Fryer, P., K. L. Beal, and M. C. Jackson, 1986, Volcanism of the northern Mariana backarc rift, EOS, Trans AGU, 67 (44), 1239.

Fryer, P. et al., Results of Alvin studies of Mariana forearc serpentinite diapirism, EOS, Trans AGU, 68 (44), 1534, 1987.

Fryer, P. , J. Gill, M. Jackson, R. Fiske, A. Hochstaedter, G. McMurtry, P. Sedwick, A. Malahoff, P. Mouginis-Mark, E. Horikoshi, Results of recent Alvin studies of the Kasuga volcanoes, northern Mariana arc, EOS, Trans. AGU, 68(44), 153, 1987.

Fryer, P. and J. A. Pearce, and ODP Leg 125 scientific shipboard party, ODP Leg 125 Plumbs the Pacific Sinks, Nature, 339, 427-428, 1989.

Fryer, P. and J. A. Pearce, and ODP Leg 125 scientific shipboard party, ODP Leg 125 drills forearc crust and mantle, Geotimes, 34(7), 18-20, 1989.

Fryer, P., J. Pearce, Y. Lagabrielle, L. Stokking, J. Ali, R. J. Arculus, D. Balloti, M. M. Burke, G. Ciampo, J. Haggerty, R. B. Haston, D. Heling M. Hobart, T. Ishii, L. E. Johnson, H. Maekawa, M. Marlow, F. W. McCoy, G. Milner, M. J. Mottl, B. Murton, S. P. Phipps, C. Rigsby, K. L. Saboda, J-P, Sizun, B. Stabel, S. van der Laan, and Y. Xu, Manteau d'avant-arc et boninites: principaux resultats du Leg ODP 125 dans les domains d'avant-arc des Mariannes et des Bonin, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 310, Serie II, p. 1247-1254, 1990.

Fryer, P., K. L. Saboda, L. E. Johnson, M. E. MacKay, G. F. Moore, and P. Stoffers, Conical Seamount: SeaMARC II, Alvin submersible, and seismic reflection studies, in Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports, 125, Volume A, 69-80, 1990.

Fryer, P., M. Mottl, L. E. Johnson, J. A. Haggerty, S. Phipps, and H. Maekawa, Serpentine Bodies in the Forearcs of Western Pacific Convergent Margins: Origin and Associated Fluids, 1995, in Active Margins and Marginal Basins of the Western Pacific (B. Taylor and J. Natland Eds.), AGU Monograph Series, 88, 259-279, 1995.

Fryer, P., J. Gill, and M. Jackson, Volcanologic and tectonic evolution of the Kasuga Seamounts, northern Mariana Trough: Alvin submersible investigations, JVGR 79:277-311, 1997.

P. Fryer, H. Fujimoto, M. Sekine, L. Johnson, J. Kasahara, H. Masuda, T. Gamo, T. Ishii, M. Ariyoshi, and K. Fujioka, 1998, Volcanoes of the southwestern extension of the active Mariana Island Arc: New swath-mapping and geochemical studies, The Island Arc, 7(3), 596-607, 1998.

Fryer, P., C. G. Wheat, and M. J. Mottl, Mariana Blueschist mud volcanism: implications for conditions within the subduction zone, Geology, 27(2), 103-106, 1999.

Fryer, P., Lockwood, J., Becker, N., Todd, C., and Phipps, S, Significance of serpentine and blueschist mud volcanism in convergent margin settings, in Ophiolites and Oceanic Crust: New Insights from Field Studies and Ocean Drilling Program (Y. Dilek, E. M. Moores, D. Elthon, and A Nichols eds.) GSA SPE 349, 35-51., 2000.

Fujimoto, H., Fryer, P., Ishii, T., Sekine, M., Ariyoshi, M., and Kodera, T., Shinkai 6500/Yokosuka diving and geophysical survey of the southern Mariana arc, 1995: Summary of results, JAMSTEC Journal of Deep Sea Research, 12, 257-262, 1996.

Hart, S. R., W. E. Glassey, and D. E. Karig, Basalts and seafloor spreading behind the Mariana island arc, E.P.S.L., 15, 12-18, 1972.

Hagen, R., Shor, A., and P. Fryer, SeaMARC II evidence for the locus of seafloor spreading in the southern Mariana Trough, Marine Geology, 103, 311-322, 1992.

Hawkins, J. W., Petrology and geochemical characteristics of marginal basin basalt, in Island Arcs, Deep Sea Trenches, and Back-Arc Basins, Washington (AGU) 355-365, 1977.

Hawkins, J. W. and J. T. Melchior, Petrology of Mariana trough and Lau basin basalts, Jour. Geophys. Res., 90 (11), 431-11, 468, 1985.

Hawkins, J. W., J. T. Melchior and P. Lonsdale, Petrology of axial region of the Mariana Trough, EOS, Trans AGU,, 68(44), 1530-1531, 1987.

Hawkins, J. W., P.F. Lonsdale, J.D. Macdougall and A. M. Volpe, Petrology of the axial ride of the Mariana Trough backarc spreading center, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 100(1/3), 226-250, 1990.

Hessler, R. R., S. C. France, and M. A. Boudrias, Hydrothermal vent communities of the Mariana backarc basin, EOS, Trans AGU, 68(44), 1531, 1987.

Hickey-Vargas, R. and Mandal, G. K., The changing contribution of mantle and slab derived components in arc and backarc basin magmas: A model based on the Eocene to Recent, Palau-Kyiushu - West Mariana - Mariana Arc system, EOS, Trans AGU, 73, 342, 1992.

Hobart, M. A., R. N. Anderson, N. Fujii, and S. Uyeda, Heat flow from hydrothermal mounds in two million year old crust of the Mariana Trough which exceeds two watts per meter, EOS, Trans AGU, 64, 315, 1983.

Horibe, Y, K. Kim, H. Craig, Hydrothermal methane plumes in the Mariana backarc spreading center, Nature, 324, 131-133, 1986.

Hsui, A. T., and S. Youngquist, A dynamic model of the curvature of the Mariana Trench, Nature, 318, (6045), 455-457, 1985.

Hussong, D. M. and P. Fryer, Structure and tectonics of the Mariana arc and fore-arc: Drillsite selection surveys, in D.M. Hussong, S. Uyeda, et al., 1981, Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, v. 60, U.S. Gov't Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 33-44 1981.

Hussong, D. M. and P. Fryer, Back-arc seamounts and the SeaMARC II seafloor mapping system, EOS, Trans AGU, 64(45), 627-632, 1983.

Hussong, D. M., and P. Fryer, Fore-arc tectonics in the Northern Mariana Arc, in Formation of Active Ocean Margins, edited by N. Nasu et al., Terra Sci. Pub. Co. (TERRAPUBS), Tokyo, 273-290, 1985.

Hussong, D. M., and J. B. Sinton, Seismicity associated with back-arc crustal spreading in the central Mariana Trough, in The tectonic and Geologic Evolution of Southeast Asian Seas and Islands: Part 2, (D.E. Hayes ed.), A.G.U. Monogr. 27, (Washington, D.C.), 2l7-235 1983.

Hussong, D. M. and S. Uyeda, Tectonic processes and the history of the Mariana Arc, A synthesis of the results of Deep Sea Drilling leg 60, in Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Vol. 60, (D.M. Hussong and S. Uyeda, eds.) U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C., pp. 909-929, 1981.

Jackson, M. C., Petrology and petrogenesis of recent submarine volcanoes from the northern Mariana arc and back-arc basin, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Hawaii, pp. 277, 1989.

Johnson, L. E. and P. Fryer, The first evidence for MORB-like lavas from the outer Mariana forearc; geochemistry, petrology, and tectonic implications, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 100(1/3), 304-316, 1990.

Johnson, L. E., P. Fryer, B. Taylor, M. Silk, W. V. Sliter, D. L. Jones, T. Itaya and T. Ishii, New evidence for crustal accretion in the outer Mariana forearc: Cretaceous Radiolarian Cherts and MORB-like lavas, Geology, 19, 811-814, 1991.

Karig, D. E., Structural history of the Mariana island arc system, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 83, 323-344, 1971a.

Karig, D. E., Origin and development of marginal basins in the western Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 76, 2452-2561, 1971b.

Karig, D. E., Evolution of arc systems in the western Pacific, Annual Rev. Earth and Planet. Sci., 2, 51-75, 1974.

Karig, D. E., Remnant arcs, Bull. Geol Soc. Am., 83, 1057-1068, 1972.

Karig, D. E., Basin genesis in the Philippine Sea, in Initial Reports of the Deep-Sea Drilling Project, Vol 31, (D.E. Karig, ed.), U.S. Govt. Printing Off., Washington D.C., 857-879, 1975.

Karig, D. E. and B. Ranken, Marine geology of the forearc region, southern Mariana island arc, in The Tectonic and Geologic Evolution of Southeast Asian Seas and Islands Part 2, Geophys, Monogr. Ser., Vol. 27 (D.E. Hayes, ed.), AGU, Washington, D. C., 266-280, 1983.

Karig, D. E., R. N. Anderson and L. D. Bibee, Characteristics of back arc spreading in the Mariana Trough, Jour. Geophys. Res., 83, 1213-1226, 1978.

Kastner, M., H. Craig, and A. Sturz, Hydrothermal deposits in the Mariana Trough: Preliminary mineralogical investigation, EOS, Trans AGU, 68(44), 153, 1987.

Klein, G. deV. and K. Kobayashi, in Initial Reports of the Deep-Sea Drilling Project, Vol 58, (G. deV. Klein and K. Kobayashi, eds.) U.S. Govt. Printing Off., Washington D.C., 1980.

Kong, L. S., S Nobukazu, H. Fujimoto, J. Kasahara, and KH92-1 Shipboard Scientific Party, Segmentation of the Mariana Trough Backarc Spreading Center at 18N, Interridge News, 1(1), 2-5, 1992.

Lewis, S. D., D. E. Hayes, and C. L. Mrozowski, The origin of the West Philippine Basin by interarc spreading, in Geology and tectonics of the Luzon-Marianas region, Philippine Seatar Committee Special Publication 1, (G. R. Balce and A. S. Zanoria, eds.) 31-51, 1982.

Lin, J., Purdy, G. M., Shouten, H., Sempere, J., and Zervas, C., Evidence from gravity data for focused magmatic accretion along the mid-Atlantic ridge., Nature, 344, 627-632, 1990.

Lin, P.-N., R. J. Stern, S. H. Bloomer, Shoshonitic volcanism in the northern Mariana arc 2. Large-ion lithophile and rare earth element abundances evidence for the source of incompatible element enrichments in intraoceanic arcs, Jour. Gesphys. Res., 94 (B4) 4497-4514, 1989.

Lin, P.-N., R. J. Stern, J. Morris, and S. H. Bloomer, Nd- and Sr- isotopic composition of lavas from the northern Mariana and southern Volcano arcs: Implications for the origin of island arc melts, Contrib. Min. Pet., 1990

Leinen, M., MacDuff, R. E., Delaney, J., Becker, K, Schultheiss, P., Off-axis hydrothermal activity in the mariana mounds field, EOS, Trans AGU, Fall Meeting, Abstr. 1531, 1987.

Lonsdale, P. and J. W. Hawkins, Silicic volcanism at an off-axis geothermal field in the Mariana Trough backarc basin, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 96, 940-951, 1985.

Lonsdale, P. and J. W. Hawkins, The geologic setting of hydrothermal vents at the Mariana Trough spreading center, EOS, Trans AGU, 68(44), 1530, 1987.

Macdougal, J. D., A. Volpe, and J. W. Hawkins, An arc-like component in Mariana Trough lavas, EOS, Trans AGU, 68(44), 1531, 1987.

Macdonald, K. C. and Atwater, T. M., Evolution of Rifted Ocean Ridges, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 39, 319-327, 1978.

Maekawa, H., Shozui, M., Ishii, T., Fryer, P., Pearce, J. A., Blueschist metamorphism in an active subduction zone, Nature, 364(6437), 520-523, 1993.

Maekawa, H., P. Fryer, M. Ozaki, Incipient blueschist-facies metamorphism in the active subduction zone beneath the Mariana Forearc, in Active Margins and Marginal Basins of the Western Pacific (B. Taylor and J. Natland Eds.), AGU Monograph Series, 88, 281-290, 1995.

Mahoney J. and P. Fryer, Stress field re-orientation of the inner Mariana forearc at 22N, EOS, Trans AGU, 69(44), 1443, 1988.

Marlow, M. S., L. E. Johnson, J. A. Pearce, P. Fryer, L. G. Pickthorn, B. J. Murton, Upper Cenozoic volcanic rocks in the Mariana forearc recovered from drilling at Ocean Drilling Program Site 781: implications for forearc magmatism, Jour. Geophys. Res., 15,085-15,098, 1992.

Martinez, F., and Cochran, J. R., Structure and Tectonics of the Northern Red Sea: Catching a Continental Margin Between Rifting and Drifting, Tectonophys., 150, 1-32, 1988.

Martinez, F., P. Fryer, N. Baker, T. Yamazaki, Evolution of backarc rifting Mariana Trough 20-24 N, JGR, 100(B3), 3807-3827, 1995.

Martinez, F., P. Fryer, and N. Becker, 2000, Geophysical Characteristics of the southern Mariana Trough, Journal of Geophysical Research, 105(B7), 16,591-16,607, 2000.

McMurtry, G., P. Sedwick, P. Fryer, D. L. Vonderhaar, and H.-W. Yeh, Unusual geochemistry of hydrothermal vents on submarine arc volcanoes: Kasuga Seamounts, Northern Mariana Arc, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 114, 517-528, 1993.

Meijer, A., Pb and Sr. isotope data bearing on the origin of volcanic rocks from the Mariana island arc system, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 87 (9), 1359-1369, 1976.

Meijer, A., Primitive aarc volcanism and a boninite series; examples from western Pacific island arcs, in The Tectonic and Geologic Evolution of Southeast Asian Seas and Islands, Geophys, Monogr. Ser., Vol 23, (D.E. Hayes, ed.) AGU, Washington, D. C., 271-282, 1980.

Mrosowski, C. L., Hayes, D. E., and Taylor, B., Multichannel seismic reflection surveys of Leg 60 Sites, Deep Sea Drilling Project, in Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, Vol. 60, (D. M. Hussong and S. Uyeda, eds.), U.S. Government Printing Office Washington, D.C., 57-71, 1981.

Natland, J. H. and J. Tarney, Petrologic evolution of the Mariana arc and backarc basin system - A synthesis of drilling results in the south Philippine Sea, in Initial Reports of the Deep-Sea Drilling Project, Vol 60 (D.M. Hussong and S. Uyeda, eds.), U.S. Govt. Printing Off., Washington D.C., 877-907, 1981.

Poreda, R., Helium-3 and deuterium in backarc basalts: Lau and Mariana Trough Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 73, 244-254, 1985.

Salisbury, M.H., Shinohara, M., Richter, C., et al., 2002. Proc. ODP, Init. Repts., 195 [Online]. Available from World Wide Web: http://www-odp.tamu.edu/publications/195_IR/195ir.htm.

Shibata, T. and K. Segawa, Basaltic glasses from the northern Mariana trough in Preliminary report of the Hakuhu Maru cruise KH 84-1 Apr., 16-May 30 1984, Ocean Inst., U. of Tokyo (K. Kobayashi, ed.), 215-224, 1984.

Sinton, J. M. and P. Fryer, Mariana Trough lavas from 18N: Implications for the origin of backarc basin basalts, Jour. Geophys. Res., 92(12), 12,782-12,802, 1987.

Smoot, N. C., Mariana Trough by Multi-beam Sonar, Geo-Marine Lett. 10, 137-144, 1990.

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Stern, R.J., and Bibee, L. D., Esmeralda Bank: Geochemistry of an active submarine volcano in the Southern Mariana Island Arc, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 86, 159-169, 1984.

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Stern, R. J., S. H. Bloomer, P-N Lin, E. Ito, and N.C. Smoot, Submarine arc volcanism in the southern Mariana arc as an ophiolite analogue, Tectonophys., 168, 151-170, 1989.

Stern, R. J., S. H. Bloomer, P-N Lin, E. Ito, and J. Morris, Shoshonitic magmas in nascent arcs: New evidence from submarine volcanoes in the northern Marianas, Geology, 16, 426-430, 1988.

Stern, R. J., J. D. Morris, M. C. Jackson, P. Fryer, S. H. Bloomer, and E. Ito, Enriched backarc basin basalts from the northern Mariana Trough: Implications for evolution of backarc basins, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 100(1/3), 210-225, 1990.

Stern, R. J., M. C. Jackson, P. Fryer, and E. Ito, O, Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic composition of the Kasuga cross-chain in the Mariana arc: A new perspective on the K-h relationship, EPSL, 119, 459-475, 1993.

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Taylor, B. et al., SeaMARC II Bathymetry and Side-scan Acoustic Imagery of Sumisu and Torishima Rifts, Izu-Ogasawara Arc, Marine Geological Map Series 31, Geol. Surv. of Japan, 1988.

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Wheat, C. G. and R. E. McDuff, Advection of pore waters in the Marianas mounds hydrothermal region as determined from nutrient profiles, EOS, Trans AGU, 68(44), 1531, 1987.

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Wessel, J., P. Fryer, P. Wessel, and B. Taylor, Extension in the northern Mariana forearc, JGR, 99(B8): 15,181-15,203, 1994.

Wood D. A., N. G. Marsh, J. Tarney, J.-L. Joron, P. Fryer, and M. Treuil, Geochemistry of igneous rocks recovered from a transect across the Mariana Trough, arc, forearc, and trench, Sites 453 through 461, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 60, in Initial Reports of the Deep-Sea Drilling Project, Vol 60 (D.M. Hussong and S. Uyeda, eds.), U.S. Govt. Printing Off., Washington D.C., pp 611-645, 1981.

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Yamano, M., N. Fujii, S. Nagihara, and M. Leinen, Temperature monitoring in marine sediments in the Mariana Trough, EOS, Trans AGU, 68(44), 1534, 1987.

Yamazaki, T., Heat flow in the Izu-Ogasawara (Bonin) - Mariana Arc, Bull. Geol. Soc. Japan, 43(4), 207-235, 1992.

Yamazaki, T., T. Ishihara, F. Murakami, Magnetic Anomalies over the Izu-Ogasawara (Bonin) Arc, Mariana Arc and Mariana Trough, Bull. Geol. Surv. Jap. 42(12), 655-686, 1991.

Yamazaki, T., F. Murakami, and E. Saito, Mode of seafloor spreading in the northern Mariana Trough, Tectonophys., 221, 207-222, 1993.