Publications of KLAUS WYRTKI


  1. Wyrtki, K., 1950: Über die Verteilung der Trübung in den Wassermassen der Beltsee und ihren Zusammenhang mit den hydrographischen Faktoren., Ph.D. dissertation, Univ. Kiel, FRG, 49 pp.

  2. Wyrtki, K., 1950: Über die Beziehungen zwischen Trübung und ozeanographischem Aufbau. Kiel. Meeresforsch., 7 (2), 87-07.

  3. Wyrtki, K., 1951: Der Einfluß des Windes auf die Wasserbewegungen durch die Straße von Dover. Dtsch. Hydrogr Z., 5 (1), 21-27.

  4. Dietrich, G., K. Wyrtki, J. N. Carruthers, A. L. Lawford, and H. C. Parmenter, 1952: Wind conditions over the seas around Britain during the period 1900-1949. German Hydrogr. Institute, Hamburg, 8 (52), 283, 38 pp.

  5. Wyrtki, K., 1953: Untersuchung der Strömungsverhaltnisse im Bereich der Neuen Schleusen in Kiel Holtenau. Berichte Kanalbauamt, 19 pp.

  6. Wyrtki, K., 1952: Der Einfluß des Windes auf den mittleren Wasserstand der Nordsee und ihren Wasserhaushalt. Dtsch. Hydrogr. Z., 5 (5/6), 245-252.

  7. Wyrtki, K., 1953: Die Dynamik der Wasserbewegungen im Fehmarnbelt I. Kiel. Meeresforsch., 9 (2), 155-170.

  8. Wyrtki, K., 1953: Ergebnisse über die Verteilung der Trübung in Küstennähe. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven, 2, 269-278.

  9. Wyrtki, K., 1953: Die Bilanz des Längstransportes in der Brandungszone. Dtsch. Hydrogr. Z., 6 (2), 65-76.

  10. Wyrtki, K., 1954: Der große Salzeinbruch in die Ostee im November und Dezember 1951. Kiel. Meeresforsch., 10 (1), 19-24.

  11. Wyrtki, K., 1954: Die dynamik der Wasserbewegungen im Fehmarnbelt II. Kiel. Meeresforsch., 10 (2), 162-181.

  12. Wyrtki, K., 1954: Schwankungen im Wasserhaushalt der Ostsee. Dtsch. Hydrogr. Z., 7 (3/4), 91-129.

  13. Wyrtki, K., 1956: Monthly charts of surface salinity in Indonesian and adjacent waters. J. Conseil, 21 (3), 268-279.

  14. Wyrtki, K., 1956: The subtropical lower water between the Philippines and Irian (New Guinea). Mar. Res. Indones., 1, 21-52.

  15. Wyrtki, K., l956: The rainfall over the Indonesian waters. Lembaga Meteorologi dan Geofisik, Verhandelingen No. 49, 24 pp.

  16. Wyrtki, K., 1956: The computation of oceanic and meteorological fields of motion with friction proportional to the velocity. Mar. Res. Indones., 2, 1-26.

  17. Wyrtki, K., 1957: Die Zirkulation an der Oberfläche der Südostasiatischen Gewässer. Dtsch. Hydrogr. Z., 10 (1), 1-13.

  18. Wyrtki, K., 1957: Precipitation, evaporation and energy exchange at the surface of the southeast Asian waters. Mar. Res. Indones., 3, 7-40.

  19. Wyrtki, K., 1958: The water exchange between the Pacific and the Indian Oceans in relation to upwelling processes. Inst. Mar. Res., Djarkata. Proc. Ninth Pac. Sci. Cong., 16, 61- 65.

  20. Wyrtki, K., 1960: Surface circulation in the Coral and Tasman Seas. Div. Fish. Oceanogr., Tech. Pap. No. 8, 44 pp.

  21. Wyrtki, K., l960: On the presentation of ocean surface currents. Int. Hydrogr. Rev., 37 (1), 153-174.

  22. Wyrtki, K., 1960: The Antarctic convergence--and divergence. Nature, 187 (4737), 581-582.

  23. Wyrtki, K., 1960: The Antarctic circumpolar current and the Antarctic polar front. Dtsch. Hydr. Z., 13 (4), 153-174.

  24. Wyrtki, K., 1961: The thermohaline circulation in relation to general circulation in the oceans. Deep-Sea Res., 8 (1), 39-64.

  25. Wyrtki, K., 1961: The flow of water into the deep sea basins of the western South Pacific Ocean. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 12 (1), 1-16.

  26. Wyrtki, K., 1961: Optical measurements in the Coral and Solomon Seas. Symp. on Radiant Energy in the Sea, Int. Un. Geod. Geophys., Monogr. No. 10, 51-59.

  27. Wyrtki, K., 1961: Physical oceanography of the southeast Asian waters. Univ. Calif., NAGA Rept., No. 2, 195 pp.

  28. Wyrtki, K., 1962: The oxygen minima in relation to ocean circulation. Deep-Sea Res., 9, 11-23.

  29. Wyrtki, K., 1962: The subsurface water masses in the western South Pacific Ocean. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 13 (1), 18-47.

  30. Wyrtki, K., 1962: Geopotential topographies and associated circulation in the southeastern Indian Ocean. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 13 (1), 1-17.

  31. Wyrtki, K., 1962. Geopotential topographies and associated circulation in the western South Pacific Ocean. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 13 (3), 89-105.

  32. Wyrtki, K., 1962: The upwelling in the region between Java and Australia during the southeast monsoon. Aust. J. Mar. Freshw. Res., 13 (3), 217-225.

  33. Wyrtki, K., 1963. The horizontal and vertical field of motion in the Peru Current. Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. Univ. Calif., 8 (4), 313-346.

  34. Wyrtki, K., and E. Bennett, 1963: Vertical eddy viscosity in the Pacific equatorial undercurrent. Deep-Sea Res., 10 (4), 449-455.

  35. Wyrtki, K., 1964: Total integrated mass transports and actual circulation in the eastern South Pacific Ocean. Studies in Oceanography, Japan, 47-52.

  36. Wyrtki, K., 1964: Upwelling in the Costa Rica Dome. Fish. Bull., 63 (2), 355-372.

  37. Wyrtki, K., 1964: Surface currents of the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean. Inter-Amer. Tropical Tuna Comm. Bull., 9 (5), 270-304.

  38. Wyrtki, K., 1964: The thermal structure of the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Dtsch. Hydrogr. Z., Ergänzungsheft A, 6, 84 pp.

  39. Wyrtki, K., 1965: Summary of the physical oceanography of the Eastern Pacific Ocean. Univ. Calif. IMR Ref. 65-10, UCSD-34P99-11, 69 pp.

  40. Wyrtki, K., 1965: The annual and semiannual variation of sea surface temperature in the North Pacific Ocean. J. Limnol. Oceanogr., 10 (3), 307-313.

  41. Wyrtki, K., 1965: The average annual heat balance of the North Pacific Ocean and its relation to ocean circulation. J. Geophys. Res., 70 (18), 4547-4559.

  42. Wyrtki, K., 1966: Seasonal variation of heat exchange and surface temperature in the North Pacific Ocean. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-66-3, 8 pp. + 72 figs.

  43. Wyrtki, K., 1966: Oceanography of the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev., 4, 33-68.

  44. Wyrtki, K., and V. Graefe, 1967: Approach of tides to the Hawaiian Islands. J. Geophys. Res., 72 (8), 2069-2071.

  45. Wyrtki, K., and R. Kendall, 1967: Transports of the Pacific equatorial countercurrent. J. Geophys. Res., 72 (8), 2073-2076.

  46. Wyrtki, K., 1967. Circulation and water masses in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. Int. J. Oceanol. Limnol., 1 (2), 117-147.

  47. Wyrtki, K., J. B. Burks, R. C. Latham, and W. C. Patzert, 1967: Oceanographic observations during 1965-67 in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-67-15, 150 pp.

  48. Wyrtki, K., 1967: Oceanographic observations during the Line Islands expedition. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-67-17, 18 pp. + 7 figs.

  49. Wyrtki, K., 1968: Water masses in the oceans and adjacent seas. International Dictonary of Geophysics. Pergamon Press, Tarrytown, NY, 1-11 + 8 figs.

  50. Wyrtki, K., 1967: The spectrum of ocean turbulence over distances between 40 and 1000 kilometers. German Hydrogr. J., 20 (4), 176-186.

  51. Wyrtki, K., and K. Haberland, 1968: On the redistribution of heat in the North Pacific Ocean. J. Oceanogr. Soc. Japan, 24 (5), 220-233.

  52. Wyrtki, K., V. Graefe, and W. Patzert, 1969: Current observations in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-69-15, 97 pp.

  53. Wyrtki, K., 1969: The duration of temperature anomalies in the North Pacific Ocean. Bull. Japanese Soc. Fish. Oceanogr., (Prof. Uda's commemorative papers), Univ. Hawaii HIG Contr. No. 238, 81-86.

  54. Wyrtki, K., 1970: Flights with airborne radiation thermometers in Hawaiian waters. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-70-5, 27 pp.

  55. Patzert, W.C., K. Wyrtki, and H.J. Santamore, 1970: Current measurements in the Central North Pacific Ocean. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-70-31, 65 pp.

  56. Wyrtki, K., 1971: Oceanographic Atlas of the International Indian Ocean Expedition. National Science Foundation Publication, OCE/NSF 86-00-001Washington, DC, 531 pp.

  57. Shaw, R. P., and K. Wyrtki, 1972: The shape of the warm surface layer in a subtropical gyre. Studies in Physical Oceanography, A.L. Gordon, Ed., New York, 179-194.

  58. Wyrtki, K., 1973: Teleconnections in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Science, 180, 66-68.

  59. Wyrtki, K., 1973: An equatorial jet in the Indian Ocean. Science, 181, 262-264.

  60. Wyrtki, K., 1973. Physical oceanography of the Indian Ocean: The Biology of the Indian Ocean, B. Zeitzschel, Ed., Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 18-36.

  61. Wyrtki, K., 1974: Sea level and the seasonal fluctuations of the equatorial currents in the Western Pacific Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 4, 1, 91-103.

  62. Wyrtki, K., 1974: On the deep circulation of the Red Sea. Colloques Internationaux du CNRS 215, Processus de Formation des eaux Océaniques Profondes, Univ. Hawaii HIG Contr. No. 481, 91-106.

  63. Wyrtki, K., 1974: Equatorial currents in the Pacific 1950 to 1970 and their relations to the trade winds. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 4 (3), 372-380.

  64. Wyrtki, K., 1974: The dynamic topography of the Pacific Ocean and its fluctuations. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-74-5, 19 pp. 37 figs.

  65. Patzert, W., and K. Wyrtki, 1974: Anticyclonic flow around the Hawaiian Islands indicated by current meter data. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 4 (4), 673-676.

  66. Wyrtki, K., and G. Meyers, 1975: The trade wind field over the Pacific Ocean Part I: The mean field and the mean annual variation. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-75-1, 26 pp. + 38 figs.

  67. Wyrtki, K., and G. Meyers, 1975: The trade wind field over the Pacific Ocean Part II: Bimonthly fields of wind stress: 1950 to 1972. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-75-2, 16 pp. + 132 figs.

  68. Wyrtki, K., 1975: Fluctuations of the dynamic topography in the Pacific Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 5 (3), 450-459.

  69. Wyrtki, K., 1975: El Niño--the dynamic response of the equatorial Pacific Ocean to atmospheric forcing. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 5 (4), 572-584.

  70. Wyrtki, K., E. Stroup, W. Patzert, R. Williams, and W. Quinn, 1976: Predicting and observing El Niño. Science, 191 (4225), 343-346.

  71. Wyrtki, K., L. Magaard, and J. Hager, 1976: Eddy energy in the oceans. J. Geophys. Res., 81 (15), 2641-2646.

  72. Wyrtki, K., and G. Meyers, 1976: The trade wind field over the Pacific Ocean. J. Appl. Meteor., 15 (7), 698-704.

  73. Wyrtki, K., 1976: Climate fluctuations, ocean monitoring and buoys. Ocean Profiling Workshop, NOAA Data Buoy Office, Bay St. Louis, MS, 103-131.

  74. Wyrtki, K., R. Bernstein, and W. White, 1976: NORPAX and the upper ocean. Nav. Res. Rev., 29 (9), 1-18.

  75. Wyrtki, K., G. Meyers, D. McLain, and W. Patzert, 1977: Variability of the thermal structure in the central equatorial Pacific Ocean. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-77-1, 75 pp.

  76. Dotson, A., K. Wyrtki, L. Magaard, and G. Niemeyer, 1977: A simulation of the movements of fields of drifting buoys in the North Pacific Ocean. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-77-3, 59 pp.

  77. Wyrtki, K., 1977: Advection in the Peru Current as observed by satellite. J. Geophys. Res., 82 (27), 3939-3943.

  78. Wyrtki, K., 1977: Sea level during the 1972 El Niño. J. Phys. Oceanog., 7 (6), 779-787.

  79. Wyrtki, K., 1978: Monitoring the strength of equatorial currents from XBT sections and sea level. J. Geophys. Res., 83 (C4), 1935-1940.

  80. Wyrtki, K., 1978: Lateral oscillations of the Pacific Equatorial Countercurrent. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 8 (3), 530-532.

  81. Patzert, W., K. Wyrtki, T. Barnett, G. McNally, M. Sessions, B. Kilonsky, and D. Kirwan, 1978: Aircraft monitoring of ocean thermal structure and currents. Naval Res. Rev., 31 (9), 1-8.

  82. Wyrtki, K., 1979: Sea level variations: Monitoring the breath of the Pacific. EOS, 60 (3), 25-27.

  83. Wyrtki, K., 1979: Comments on the variability of the tropical ocean. Dyn. Atmos. Oceans, 3, 209-212.

  84. Wyrtki, K., 1979: The response of sea surface topography to the 1976 El Niño. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 9 (6), 1223-1231.

  85. Wyrtki, K., 1979: El Niño. La Recherche, 10, 1212-1220.

    Wyrtki, K., 1980: The Hawaii-to-Tahiti shuttle experiment. EDIS, Vol. ll, No. 6, 20-24.

    Wyrtki, K., 1980: Hawaii-to-Tahiti shuttle experiment. Mar. Wea. Log, 24 (5), 361-362.

  86. Wyrtki, K., 1980: Scientific and operational requirements for monitoring the ocean- atmosphere environment by means of buoys. NOAA Data Buoy Office, NSTL Station, MS, F-821-1, 43 pp.

  87. Wyrtki, K., and W. Leslie, 1980: The mean annual variation of sea level in the Pacific Ocean. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-80-5, 159 pp.

  88. Wyrtki, K., 1980: Sea level during the NORPAX test shuttle experiment. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-80-6, 27 pp.

  89. Wyrtki, K., E. Firing, D. Halpern, R. Knox, G. J. McNally, W. C. Patzert, E. D. Stroup, B. A. Taft, and R. Williams, 1981: The Hawaii-to-Tahiti shuttle experiment. Science, 211 (4484), 22-28.

  90. Wyrtki, K., 1981: Comparison of four equatorial wind indices over the Pacific and El Niño outlook for 1981. Proc. Fifth Ann. Climate Diagnostic Workshop: NOAA, Washington, DC, 211-218.

  91. Stroup, E.D., K. Wyrtki, and B.J. Kilonsky, 1981: AXBT observations during the Hawaii-to-Tahiti shuttle experiments. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-81-1, 49 pp.

  92. Wyrtki, K., 1981: An estimate of equatorial upwelling in the Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 11 (9), 1205-1214.

  93. Chaen, M., and K. Wyrtki, 1981: The 20ºC isotherm and sea level in the western equatorial Pacific. J. Oceanogr. Soc. Japan, 37 (4), 198-200.

  94. Wyrtki, K., 1982: The Southern Oscillation, ocean-atmosphere interaction and El Niño. Mar. Tech. Soc. J. 6 (1), 3-10.

  95. Wyrtki, K., 1982: Eddies in the Pacific North Equatorial Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 12 (7), 746-749.

  96. Wyrtki, K., and G. Eldin, 1982: Equatorial upwelling events in the Central Pacific. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 12 (9), 984-988.

  97. Wyrtki, K., and B. Kilonsky, 1982: Transequatorial water structure during the Hawaii-to-Tahiti shuttle experiment. Univ. Hawaii, Tech. Rept. HIG-82-5, 65 pp.

  98. Wyrtki, K., and L. Uhrich, 1982: On the accuracy of heat storage computations. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 12 (12), 1411-1416.

  99. Wyrtki, K., 1983: An attempt to monitor the equatorial undercurrent. J. Geophys. Res., 88 (C1), 775-777.

  100. Wyrtki, K., 1983: Sea level in the equatorial Pacific in 1982. Tropical Ocean-Atmos., 16, 6-7.

  101. Firing, E., R. Lukas, J. Sadler, and K. Wyrtki, 1983: Equatorial undercurrent disappears during 1982-83 El Niño. Science, 222, 1121-1123.

  102. Wyrtki, K., 1984: A southward displacement of the subtropical gyre in the South Pacific during the 1982-83 El Niño. Trop. Ocean-Atmos., 23, 14-15.

  103. Wyrtki, K., and B. Kilonsky, 1984: Mean water and current structure during the Hawaii-to-Tahiti shuttle experiment. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 14 (2), 242-254.

  104. Wyrtki, K., and J. Wenzel, 1984. Possible gyre-gyre interaction in the Pacific Ocean. Nature, 309 (5968), 538-540.

  105. Wyrtki, K., and S. Nakahara, 1984: Monthly maps of sea level anomalies in the Pacific, 1975-1981. Univ. Hawaii Tech. Rept. HIG 84-3, 8 pp. + maps.

  106. Wyrtki, K., 1984: The slope of sea level along the equator during the 1982-83 El Niño. J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 89 (C6), 10419-10424.

  107. Lukas R., S. P. Hayes, and K. Wyrtki, 1984: Equatorial sea level response during the 1982-1983 El Niño. J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 89 (C6), 10425-10430.

  108. Wyrtki, K., 1985: Sea level fluctuations in the Pacific during the 1982-83 El Niño, J. Geophys. Res. Lett., 12 (3), 125-128.

  109. Wyrtki, K., 1985. Water displacements in the Pacific and the genesis of El Niño cycles, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 90, 7129-7132.

  110. Rebert, J. D., J. R. Donguy, G. Eldin, and K. Wyrtki, 1985: Relations between sea level, thermocline depth, heat content and dynamic height in the tropical Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 90 (C6), 11719-11725.

  111. Wyrtki, K., 1985: Sea level data by satellite. EOS, 66 (32), 578.

  112. Wyrtki, K., 1985: Monthly maps of sea level in the Pacific during the El Niño of 1982 and 1983. In: Time Series of Ocean Measurements, Vol. 2, IOC Tech. Series, 30, 43-54.

  113. Wyrtki, K., 1985: Water displacements during 1982-1983 and the genesis of El Niño and the Southern Oscillation. In: International Conference on the TOGA Scientific Programme, UNESCO, World Climate Research Programme Series 4, WMO/TD 65, 1111-1110.

  114. Wyrtki, K., 1985: Pacific-wide sea level fluctuations during the 1982-1983 El Niño. In: El Niño in the Galapagos Islands: The 1982-1983 Event. G. Robinson and E. del Pino, Eds., Charles Darwin Foundation for the Galapagos Islands, Quito, Ecuador, 29-48.

  115. Bongers, T., and K. Wyrtki, 1987: Sea level at Tahiti—a minimum of variability. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17 (1), 164-168.

  116. Donguy, J. R., G. Eldin, and K. Wyrtki, 1986: Sea level and dynamic topography in the Western Pacific during 1982-1983 El Niño. Trop. Ocean-Atmos. , 36, 1-3.

  117. Wyrtki, K., 1987: Large-scale aspects of El Niño, in: Further progress in equatorial oceanography, E. Katz and J. Witte, Eds. (TOGA Workshop report). Nova Univ. Press, Ft. Lauderdale, FL, 259-262.

  118. Wyrtki, K., 1987: Indices of equatorial currents in the Central Pacific. Trop. Ocean-Atmos., 38, 3-5.

  119. Wyrtki, K., 1987: Indonesian through flow and the associated pressure gradient. J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 92 (C12), 12941-12946.

  120. Wyrtki, K., 1987: Comparing GEOSAT altimetry and sea level. EOS , 68 (35), 731.

  121. Wyrtki, K., K. Constantine, B. J. Kilonsky, G. Mitchum, B. Miyamoto, T. Murphy, S. Nakahara, and P. Caldwell, 1988: The Pacific Island Sea Level Network. Univ. Hawaii, JIMAR Contr. No. 88-0137, Data Rept. 002, 71 pp.

  122. Wyrtki, K., B. Kilonsky, and S. Nakahara, 1988: The IGOSS sea level pilot project in the Pacific. Univ. Hawaii, JIMAR Contr. No. 88-0150, Data Rept. 003, 59 pp.

  123. Roach, D., G. Mitchum, and K. Wyrtki, 1989: Length scales of interannual sea level variations along the Pacific margin. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 19 (1), 122-128.

  124. McPhaden, M., H. P. Freitag, S. Hayes, B. Taft, Z. Chen, and K. Wyrtki, 1988: The response of the equatorial Pacific Ocean to a westerly wind burst in May 1986. J. Geophys. Res., 93 (C9), 10589-10603.

  125. Mitchum, G. T., and K. Wyrtki, 1988: Overview of Pacific sea level variability. Mar. Geod., 12, 235-245.

  126. Wyrtki, K., 1989: Sea level rise--the facts and the future. Pac. Sci., 44 (1), 1-16.

  127. Wyrtki, K., and G. Mitchum, 1990: Interannual differences of GEOSAT altimeter heights and sea level: The importance of a datum. J. Geophys. Res. , 95 (C3), 2969-2975.

  128. Caldwell, C., K. Wyrtki, and S. Nakahara, 1989: TOGA Sea Level Center: Data from the Pacific. Univ. Hawaii, JIMAR Contr. No. 89-0303, Data Rept. 006, 34 pp.

  129. Wyrtki, K., 1989: Some thoughts about the West Pacific Warm Pool, in: J. Picaut, et al. Eds., Proc. of Western Pacific International Meeting and Workshop on TOGA COARE. 99-109.

  130. Wyrtki, K., 1993: Global sea level rise. Proc. Circum-Pacific Int. Symp. Earth Environment, National Fisheries Univ. Pusan, Pusan. D. Kim and Y. Kim, Eds., 215-226.

Provided by Margaret Swan