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Analysis of Alternatives for Participation in International Management of Pelagic Fisheries
Reports (PDF): FY
2002, FY 2001,
The general approach behind international management of highly migratory species (often called "large pelagics"), such as tuna, billfish and swordfish, follows the United Nations Convention on Straddling Fish Stocks & Highly Migratory Fish Species (1995). This Convention emphasizes the importance of regional fishery management bodies in developing cooperative arrangements for the conservation and management of highly migratory species. This is in contrast to the unilateral extension of coastal EEZs or continuation of the open access which typifies most highly migratory fisheries outside of coastal EEZs.
Development of articles for regional arrangements tends to be accomplished through international conferences such as the Multilateral High Level Conference on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Pacific (MHLC). The fifth MHLC convention was held in Honolulu, Hawaii during September 1999. While substantial progress has been made in the MHLC process, the actual choice and implementation of management regimes is a possibly contested decision, as is the form of participation of interest groups within the U.S. delegation, the allocation of fishing rights for U.S. participants, etc. To date, international fisheries conventions tend to follow both traditional fishery management approaches (identifying a total allowable catch and allocating it to individual harvesting groups within participating countries) through standard international state-to-state negotiations and rule-making.
The purpose of this project is to identify a variety of approaches; their advantages/disadvantages in Hawaii and to work out some of the analytics and processes of their implementation. Project researchers want to examine various decision-support approaches and the implications of such models on bargaining theory, strategic planning, participatory management, etc. Development of some participatory approaches within the game-theoretic framework is also planned. These ideas should be of value to the local governing entities and U.S. delegations, and may provide avenues for avoiding the kind of negative-sum game currently being played out in the Atlantic swordfish fisheries.
Year 1 funding for this project awarded in October 1999.
This page updated August 17, 2006