swordfish PFRP Home > Economics Projects List

Hawaii Pelagic Fishing Vessel Economics

Similar economics research continued under project "Economic Fieldwork on Pelagic Fisheries in Hawaii".

Progress Reports (PDF): FY 2001, FY 2000, FY 1999, FY 1998 (see below), FY 1997, FY 1996, FY 1995, FY 1994

Project Overview
he Hawaii fishing vessel economics (HIFIVE) project is comprised of seven sub-projects emphasizing different aspects of economic research on Hawaii's commercial fishery for pelagics (primarily tuna, swordfish, blue and striped marlin, and mahimahi and ono). The pelagic fisheries under consideration by the HIFIVE project include the following domestic commercial fishing fleets based in Hawaii: longline, commercial troll and handline, and charter-boats, as well as some research on the markets associated with these fleets. The HIFIVE principal investigator also collaborates formally with the University of Hawaii's Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics (AREC) project on a multi-level, multi-objective programming model of Hawaii's pelagic fisheries.

Project findings published in SOEST-JIMAR technical reports and in journal articles. Titles listed at end of FY99 and FY98 progress reports.

See SOEST-JIMAR Publications and Other Publications for publications by Pooley and other PFRP investigators.

Principal Investigator:

Dr. Samuel Pooley
National Marine Fisheries Service
Southwest Fisheries Science Center
Honolulu Laboratory
2570 Dole Street, Room 219
Honolulu, Hawaii 96822
Phone (808) 983-5320
FAX (808) 983-2902
email: spooley@honlab.nmfs.hawaii.edu

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Progress Report - August 1998

Principal Investigator: Samuel G. Pooley, Honolulu Laboratory, NMFS
Associate Investigators: Marcia Hamilton, Rita Curtis¹, Michael Travis²

Purpose of Project

The objective of this research is to provide fishery management information based on the economic characteristics and dynamics of the Hawaii longline and troll-handline fishing fleets, i.e., to determine:

  • what are the economic components of fishing effort,
  • what makes fishing effort endogenous,
  • how do these inter-relate with fishery management decisions?

The project was scheduled for 3 years (to conclude mid-1997) and was extended for a 4th year in early 1997 (RCUH # 2123). It consists of two major components: a detailed economic analysis of the Hawaii-based domestic longline fishery; and, comprehensive information on the cost-earnings of the small boat pelagic fishery in Hawaii, including charter boats. Completion of the charter boat patron studies will be conducted under a 5th fiscal year budget.

Progress during FY98

Progress in FY98 has centered on four areas: 1) completing initial economic analysis of longline fishing dynamics; 2) collection of basic information from the small boat pelagic fishery; 3) publishing results on the small boat pelagic fishery; and 4) work on the charter boat segment of the domestic pelagic fishery.

  • Longline fishing dynamics analysis - Paper submitted for publication by Curtis, 1997. Preliminary results presented at Lake Arrowhead '97 by Travis.
  • Commercial troll-handline cost-earnings information completed (Hamilton, 1997). Results presented at Lake Arrowhead '98.
  • Charter-boat cost earnings analysis - completion of field work and preparation of report.
  • Charter-boat patrons analysis - completion of fielding design with fielding initiated in mid-1998.
  • Collaboration with two new projects:
    Travis-Strand on longline fleet movements,
    McConnell-Hamilton on recreational pelagic fishing. (preliminary results presented at Lake Arrowhead '97)
  • Investigation of alternative management structures - Conducted by Deane Neubauer³, including review of public decision literature.

Detailed economic analysis of the longline fishery has resulted in one paper submitted for publication, two dissertation papers, one paper under review (Curtis) and two papers under revision (Travis). These cover the following topics: institutional and regulatory enviroment of the Hawaii longline fishery; response of the longline fishery to ex-vessel product prices; and economic analysis of fishing effort as applied to swordfish longline fishing.

Travis also completed a paper (under review) on entry/exit into the Hawaii longline fishery component of the project which is now part of the Travis and Strand project on the movement of longline fishing vessels between the U.S. mainland and Hawaii (a significant change which was anticipated by project staff in 1994 and which had a demonstrable impact on the fishery in 1995). Movement of a number of Hawaii longline boats to California in 1997 (perhaps temporary due to seasonal factors) and re-entry of a number of swordfish boats in late 1997 and early 1998 reiterate the importance of this research.

Curtis is also completing a dissertation at the University of Maryland's Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics which focuses on search behavior in the Hawaii longline fishery.

Hamilton reported the troll-handline fishing cost earnings analysis results in mid-1997. The work categorizes vessel owners by the significance of fishing income, ranging from full-time commercial to purely recreational. The report was provided to most participants in the study. A summary was also included in theHawaii Fishing News.

Hamilton completed charter fishing boat cost-earnings field work early in 1998. The analysis examines costs and returns to charter boat owners and operators by the extent of owner involvement (from owner operators to out-of-state owners). Vessel operating patterns and characteristics are also presented.

Hamilton completed the design for field work with charter fishing patrons in early 1998 and will initiate testing and implementation in mid-1998. This study is composed of two parts: 1) patron expenditures and motivations, and 2) patrons self-valuation of their charter boat fishing experience. Approximately 500 charter boat fishing patrons are expected to complete a self-administered instrument.

Neubauer's review of the public decision literature as it applies to natural resource management was completed in late 1997 and is being compiled into a project report which should be available in mid-1998.

Plans for 1998/99

  • Completion of longline dynamics research: Travis and Curtis

    Completion and publication of longtime vessel economic dynamics research and description of industrial structure is the primary objective for the analytical stage of this project.

  • Cost-earnings of charter boat fishing (not part of McConnell JIMAR/PFRP project)

    The charter boat cost-earnings analysis will mirror the troll-handline component of this project, with information collected from all islands. In addition, the project has collaborated with sports fishing tournament interests to provide more information on the intersection of small boat and charter boat fishing and the sports fishing component of the tourism and ocean recreation industry in Hawaii. An on-going component of the charter fishing boat project is collaboration with UH-Hilo researchers concerning fishing tournaments.

  • Analysis of charter boat patrons motivations (demand for charter boat services)

    Work on compiling economic information on charter boat patrons, including use of hypothetical valuation techniques, will also be conducted through 1998.


  • ¹ Curtis left the project in 1996 to return to the University of Maryland for doctoral studies.
  • ² Travis left the project in 1998 for a position with the NMFS, SE Region in St. Petersburg, Florida.
  • ³ Deane Neubauer, University of Hawaii, Department of Political Science.

Publications and Reports
Curtis, Rita E., 1998. Spatial allocation of effort: a discrete choice model of short run supply response in the Hawaii longline fishery. (Dissertation project with the University of Maryland, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics.)

Curtis, Rita E., 1998. The welfare effects of reducing sea turtle interactions: an application to the Hawaii longline fishery. (Dissertation project with the University of Maryland, Dept. of Agricultural and Resource Economics.)

Curtis, Rita E., 1997. The effect of temporal aggregation in fishery supply models. (Paper submitted for publication.)

Curtis, Rita E., 1996. Short-run supply response in a multi-species fishery. (Paper under review.)

Hamilton, Marcia S., 1998. Small-boat fishery study complete, Hawaii Fishing News, January 1998.

Hamilton, Marcia S., and Stephen W. Huffman, 1997. Cost-earnings study of Hawaii's small boat fishery. SOEST Publication 97-06. University of Hawaii: Honolulu, HI.

Hamilton, Marcia S., Rita E. Curtis and Michael D. Travis, 1996. Cost-earnings study of the Hawaii-based domestic longline fleet. SOEST Publication 96-03. University of Hawaii: Honolulu, HI.

Hamilton, Marcia S., 1996. Hawaii longline vessel economics. Marine Resource Economics. 11(2): 137-140.

Neubauer, Deane, and Kerry Burch, 1998. Alternative perspectives on fishery management decision-making. (Under review)

Travis, Michael D., 1998. Chronology of regulatory events relevant to Hawaii's pelagic longline fishery, 1987-96. (Under review)

Travis, Michael D., 1998. Fishing effort, power, and capacity: the importance and evolution of terminology in fisheries science. (forthcoming paper)

Walker, Julie, 1997. Sociology of Hawaii charter boat fishing. SOEST JIMAR Contribution 97-309. University of Hawaii: Honolulu, HI.

Walker, Julie, 1996. Work and leisure in Hawaii small boat pelagic fishery. Masters thesis. University of Washington, School of Marine Affairs.

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This page updated August 17, 2006