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seer Group Leader: Prof. Steven Businger

MET 412 Meteorological Analysis and Forecasting


Lecture Notes (pdf format)

Lecture 1 - Introduction
Lecture 2 - Weather Maps and Satellites
Lecture 3 - Numerical Weather Prediction
Lecture 4 - Scale Analysis and Equations
Lecture 5 - Planetary Scale Circulations
Lecture 6 - Rossby Waves and Scale Interaction
Lecture 7 - Scale Interactions
Lecture 8 - Quasi Geostrophic Theory
Lecture 9 - Jet Streaks/Short Waves and Development
Lecture 10 - Air Masses and Kinematics
Lecture 11 - Fronts and Frontogenesis
Lecture 12 - Isentropic Analysis
Lecture 13 - Bombs: Rapid Cyclogenesis
Lecture 14 - Polar Lows
Lecture 15 - Hazards and Rainbands
Lecture 16 - Precipitation Type Forecasting
Lecture 17 Radar Basics
Lecture 18 Doppler Radar
Lecture 19 Stability and Thunderstorms
Lecture 20 Lightning
Lecture 21 Severe Weather
Lecture 22 Severe Weather Soundings
Lecture 23 Squall Lines and Multicells
Lecture 24 Tornadoes
Lecture 25 Chasing Tornadoes

I have added password protection to gain access to my lectures and hand outs, because some of these contain copyrighted materials. Please email me for the username and password.
Professor Businger



Lab 1 - Weather Awareness Assignment
Lab 2 - 500MB Analysis
Lab 3 - Long Waves
Lab 4 - Positive Vorticity Advection
Lab 5 - Surface Pressure Ananlysis
Lab 6 - Isentropic Cross-section Analysis of a Front
Lab 7 - Radar
Lab 8 - Hodographs

Background and Forecasting

Forecast Methodology
Oral Presentation Tips
Oral Presentation Evaluations

Photo gallery 1
Photo gallery 2

Access to updated weather and ocean data and imagery is available via the UH Meteorology weather server at

Examples of my time-lapse videos of the atmosphere and clouds

The following link has posts that describe a range of interesting weather related phenomena around the Hawaii Islands.

" You can't depend on your eyes when your imagination is out of focus." - Mark Twain


Meteorology Home Page

SOEST Home Page

University of Hawaii Home Page

To contact us:

Department of Meteorology
School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST)
University of Hawaii at Manoa (UH)

2525 Correa Rd
Honolulu, Hawai'i 96822

Tel: (808) 956-2569
Fax:(808) 956-2877

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This page last updated January 2018 by Lacey Holland.

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