Particle production near marine clouds: Sulfuric acid and predictions from classical binary nucleation

A.D. Clarke, V.K. Kapustin, F.L. Eisele, R.J. Weber, P.H. McMurry
Department of Oceanography, 1000 Pope Rd., Honolulu, HI, 96822


Recent experiments demonstrate that cloud processes in the free troposphere, and at times in the marine boundary layer MBL), can result in the production of new aerosol particles linked to sulfuric acid production that is photochemically driven. Here we provide observational evidence from the tropics and mid-latitudes indicating that this nucleation is often in accord with predictions of classical binary nucleation theory when it is applied to the high humidity environment near evaporating clouds edges located above the MBL. Coupled with suitable models for the relevant chemical species and conditions, these observations suggest a means or modeling natural particle production in these regions.

AGU Index Terms: 0305 Aerosols and particles (0345, 4801); 0320 Cloud physics and chemistry; 0322 Constituent sources and sinks; 0330 Geochemical cycles
Keywords/Free Terms: Aerosol, nucleation, clouds, sulfuric acid

Geophysical Res. Ltrs. 1999GL900438
Vol. 26 , No. 16 , p. 2425

© 1998 AGU